กรม

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Thai[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic กรม
k r m
Phonemic กฺรม
k ̥ r m
[bound form]
กฺรม-
k ̥ r m –
[bound form]
กฺรม-มะ-
k ̥ r m – m a –
Paiboon grom grom- grom-má-
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /krom˧/ /krom˧./ /krom˧.mä(ʔ)˦˥./
Audio

Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of uncertain origin.

Noun[edit]

กรม ‎(grom)

  1. (botany) the plant Aporosa villosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Baill. of the family Euphorbiaceae.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From contraction of กรรม(gam).

Noun[edit]

กรม ‎(grom)

  1. (archaic and poetic) Alternative form of กรรม(gam)

Etymology 3[edit]

From apocope of กรมธรรม์(grom-má-tan).

Noun[edit]

กรม ‎(grom)

  1. (archaic) Abbreviation of กรมธรรม์(grom-má-tan).

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Khmer kra, kraha, kro, krara, gra(destitute, poor; difficult, hard; insufficient, scarce; harsh; painful; severe; etc). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រ(krâ).

Verb[edit]

กรม ‎(grom) ‎(abstract noun การกรม or ความกรม)

  1. (somewhat archaic) Alternative form of ตรม(dtrom)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Old Khmer krama, kraṃma(arrangement, order; class, grade, rank; course, way; procedure, process; succession, series). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រម(krâm).

Noun[edit]

กรม ‎(grom)

  1. (archaic) arrangement, order; class, grade, rank; course, way; procedure, process; succession, series.

Etymology 6[edit]

From Old Khmer krama, kraṃma(law; ordinance; regulation; rule). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រម(krâm).

Noun[edit]

กรม ‎(grom)

  1. (archaic) law; ordinance; regulation; rule.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Possibly from Old Khmer krama, kraṃma(class, grade, rank (within a hierarchy)). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រម(krâm).

Noun[edit]

กรม ‎(grom)

  1. (historical)
    1. unit of armed men in the government system, commanded by a chief officer called เจ้ากรม(jâao-grom) and a deputy chief officer called ปลัดกรม(bpà-làt-grom). If the chief officer is a royal person, he or she is called เจ้าต่างกรม(jâao-dtàang-grom) and may be given one of the following บรรดาศักดิ์(ban-daa-sàk, noble rank): (from highest to lowest) กรมพระยา(grom-prá-yaa), กรมพระ(grom-má-prá), กรมหลวง(grom-má-lǔuang), กรมขุน(grom-má-kǔn), กรมหมื่น(grom-má-mʉ̀ʉn).
    2. highest governmental department, roughly equivalent to modern-day ministry.
  2. (government) governmental department, often commanded by a chief officer called อธิบดี(à-tí-bɔɔ-dii, director-general), subject to กระทรวง(grà-suuang, ministry) or ทบวง(tá-buuang, bureau), and divided into กอง(gɔɔng, division).
  3. (sometimes colloquial) military agency; military base; military unit.
Derived terms[edit]