กรม

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Thai[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic กรม
k r m
Phonemic กฺรม
k ̥ r m
[bound form]
กฺรม-
k ̥ r m –
[bound form]
กฺรม-มะ-
k ̥ r m – m a –
Paiboon grom grom- grom-má-
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /krom˧/ /krom˧./ /krom˧.ma˦˥./

Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of uncertain origin.

Noun[edit]

กรม (grom)

  1. (botany) the plant Aporosa villosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Baill. of the family Euphorbiaceae.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From contraction of กรรม (gam).

Noun[edit]

กรม (grom)

  1. (archaic and poetic) Alternative form of กรรม (gam)

Etymology 3[edit]

From apocope of กรมธรรม์ (grom-má-tan).

Noun[edit]

กรม (grom)

  1. (archaic) Abbreviation of กรมธรรม์ (grom-má-tan).

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Khmer kra, kraha, kro, krara, gra (destitute, poor; difficult, hard; insufficient, scarce; harsh; painful; severe; etc). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រ (krâ).

Verb[edit]

กรม (grom) (abstract noun การกรม or ความกรม)

  1. (somewhat archaic) Alternative form of ตรม (dtrom)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Old Khmer krama, kraṃma (arrangement, order; class, grade, rank; course, way; procedure, process; succession, series). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រម (krâm).

Noun[edit]

กรม (grom)

  1. (archaic) arrangement, order; class, grade, rank; course, way; procedure, process; succession, series.

Etymology 6[edit]

From Old Khmer krama, kraṃma (law; ordinance; regulation; rule). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រម (krâm).

Noun[edit]

กรม (grom)

  1. (archaic) law; ordinance; regulation; rule.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Possibly from Old Khmer krama, kraṃma (class, grade, rank (within a hierarchy)). Compare Modern Khmer ក្រម (krâm), ក្រុម (krŏm).

Noun[edit]

กรม (grom)

  1. (historical)
    1. unit of armed men in the government system, commanded by a chief officer called เจ้ากรม (jâao-grom) and a deputy chief officer called ปลัดกรม (bpà-làt-grom). If the chief officer is a royal person, he or she is called เจ้าต่างกรม (jâao-dtàang-grom) and may be given one of the following บรรดาศักดิ์ (ban-daa-sàk, noble rank): (from highest to lowest) กรมพระยา (grom-prá-yaa), กรมพระ (grom-má-prá), กรมหลวง (grom-má-lǔuang), กรมขุน (grom-má-kǔn), กรมหมื่น (grom-má-mʉ̀ʉn).
    2. highest governmental department, roughly equivalent to modern-day ministry.
  2. (government) governmental department, often commanded by a chief officer called อธิบดี (à-tí-bɔɔ-dii, director-general), subject to กระทรวง (grà-suuang, ministry) or ทบวง (tá-buuang, bureau), and divided into กอง (gɔɔng, division).
  3. (sometimes colloquial) military agency; military base; military unit.
Derived terms[edit]