ἴσος

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See also: ίσως and ίσος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Cretan and Arcadocypriot form suggest Proto-Hellenic *wíswos. Perhaps from a Proto-Indo-European *wi- (to separate), but no clear cognates exist, except possibly for Slavic *vьśь. See English with.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /í.sos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈi.sos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈi.sos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈi.sos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈi.sos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ῐ̓́σος (ísosm (feminine ῐ̓́ση, neuter ῐ̓́σον); first/second declension

    1. (of size, strength, or number) equal (to), equivalent (to), the same as [+dative = something, someone]
      1. (of appearance) like [+dative = something, someone]
      2. (with implied reference point) like, similar
      3. (with pronoun) like someone's x
      4. repeated to denote relationship between equal persons or things
        ἴσα πρὸς ἴσα
        ísa pròs ísa
        tit for tat
    2. (not comparable, mathematics) equal to [+dative = a number]; (in the plural) equal (to each other)
    3. (not comparable, geometry, of lines) of equal length; (of shapes) congruent; of equal area
    4. just, fair
      1. (comparable, politics) equal in rights, based on equality of rights
      2. (of persons) impartial
      3. neuter plural τὰ ἴσα (tà ísa) as substantive: equal rights, equality
    5. (rare) adequate
    6. (of land) even, level, flat
      1. neuter singular (τὸ) ἴσον ((tò) íson) as substantive: level ground
        εἰς τὸ ἴσον
        eis tò íson
        (on)to level ground
    7. ὡς ἰσαίτατα (hōs isaítata): as equally as possible
      • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians
        τοὺς δ’ ἑκατὸν ἄνδρας διανεῖμαι σφᾶς τε αὐτοὺς καὶ τοὺς ἄλλους τέτταρα μέρη ὡς ἰσαίτατα
        toùs d’ hekatòn ándras dianeîmai sphâs te autoùs kaì toùs állous téttara mérē hōs isaítata
        for the Hundred Men to divide themselves and the others into four divisions as equally as possible
      • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 5.744c
        τὰς τιμάς τε καὶ ἀρχὰς ὡς ἰσαίτατα τῷ ἀνίσῳ συμμέτρῳ δὲ ἀπολαμβάνοντες
        tàs timás te kaì arkhàs hōs isaítata tôi anísōi summétrōi dè apolambánontes
        receiving honors and offices as equally as possible by the rule of symmetrical inequality

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