働く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
はたら
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "働く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
働く たらく [hàtárákú]
Imperative (命令形) 働け たらけ [hàtáráké]
Key constructions
Passive 働かれる たらかれる [hàtárákárérú]
Causative 働かせる たらかせる [hàtárákásérú]
Potential 働ける たらける [hàtárákérú]
Volitional 働こう たらこ [hàtárákóꜜò]
Negative 働かない たらかない [hàtárákánáí]
Negative perfective 働かなかった たらかなかった [hàtárákánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 働きます たらきま [hàtárákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 働いた たらいた [hàtáráítá]
Conjunctive 働いて たらいて [hàtáráíté]
Hypothetical conditional 働けば たらけ [hàtárákéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

(はたら) (hatarakuintransitive godan (stem (はたら) (hataraki), past (はたら)いた (hataraita))

  1. to work at a job, to labour (US labor)
    10(じゅう)()まで(はたら)()もりだ。
    Jū-ji made hataraku tsumori da.
    I intend to work until 10 o'clock.
  2. to work properly, to operate, to function; to carry out one's function, to be effective, to come into play
    スイッチが(はたら)いてない
    Suitchi ga hataraitenai.
    The switch isn't working.
  3. to perpetrate or commit a crime
    彼女(かのじょ)(ぬす)(はたら)
    kanojo wa nusumi o hataraku.
    She commits theft.
  4. (grammar) to conjugate; to inflect; to decline

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.