売る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
賣る (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Old Japanese. First attested in a text from 801,[1] just on the cusp of the historical delineation between Old Japanese and Early Middle Japanese.

Possibly cognate with Old Japanese (u), modern Japanese 得る (eru, to obtain, to get), from the sense of getting money in exchange for the item sold.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "売る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
売る [ùrú]
Imperative (命令形) 売れ [ùré]
Key constructions
Passive 売られる られる [ùrárérú]
Causative 売らせる らせる [ùrásérú]
Potential 売れる れる [ùrérú]
Volitional 売ろう [ùróꜜò]
Negative 売らない らない [ùránáí]
Negative perfective 売らなかった らなかった [ùránáꜜkàttà]
Formal 売ります りま [ùrímáꜜsù]
Perfective 売った った [ùttá]
Conjunctive 売って って [ùtté]
Hypothetical conditional 売れば [ùréꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (urutransitive godan (stem () (uri), past ()った (utta), kyūjitai 賣る)

Japanese verb pair
active 売る
mediopassive 売れる
  1. [from 810] to sell something (to agree to transfer goods)
    ()(さい)()
    yasai o uru
    to sell vegetables
  2. [from 1591] to sell someone out, to betray
    (なか)()()
    nakama o uru
    to sell out one's friend, to sell one's friend down the river
    友達(ともだち)警察(けいさつ)()
    tomodachi o keisatsu ni uru
    to turn in a friend to the police
  3. [from 1913] to agitate, to incite
    (けん)()()
    kenka o uru
    to incite a quarrel
    (なん)だ、(けん)()()ってんのか?
    Nan da, kenka utten no ka?
    What, are you looking for / asking for a fight?

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]