売る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Probably cognate with Old Japanese-derived 得る (uru, to obtain, to get, modern eru), from the sense of getting money in exchange for the item sold.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "売る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
売る [ùrú]
Imperative (命令形) 売れ [ùré]
Key constructions
Passive 売られる られる [ùrárérú]
Causative 売らせる らせる [ùrásérú]
Potential 売れる れる [ùrérú]
Volitional 売ろう [ùróꜜò]
Negative 売らない らない [ùránáí]
Negative perfective 売らなかった らなかった [ùránáꜜkàttà]
Formal 売ります りま [ùrímáꜜsù]
Perfective 売った った [ùttá]
Conjunctive 売って って [ùtté]
Hypothetical conditional 売れば [ùréꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (urutransitive godan (stem () (uri), past ()った (utta), kyūjitai 賣る)

Japanese verb pair
active 売る
mediopassive 売れる
  1. to sell something (to agree to transfer goods)
    ()(さい)()
    yasai o uru
    to sell vegetables
  2. to sell someone out, to betray
    (なか)()()
    nakama o uru
    to sell out one's friend, to sell one's friend down the river
    友達(ともだち)警察(けいさつ)()
    tomodachi o keisatsu ni uru
    to turn in a friend to the police
  3. to agitate, to incite
    (けん)()()
    kenka o uru
    to incite a quarrel
    (なん)だ、(けん)()()っているかい?
    Nan da, kenka o utte iru kai?
    What, are you looking for / asking for a fight?

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (betray): 裏切る (うらぎる, ​uragiru)
  • (agree to transfer goods): 鬻ぐ (ひさぐ, ​hisagu)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (agree to transfer goods): 買う (かう, ​kau): to buy something

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN