売る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Probably cognate with Old Japanese-derived 得る (uru, to obtain, to get, modern eru), from the sense of getting money in exchange for the item sold.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

売る (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 賣る, transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana うる, rōmaji uru)

Japanese verb pair
active 売る
mediopassive 売れる
  1. to sell something (to agree to transfer goods)
     () (さい) ()
    yasai o uru
    to sell vegetables
  2. to sell someone out, to betray
     (なか) () ()
    nakama o uru
    to sell out one's friend, to sell one's friend down the river
    友達 (ともだち)警察 (けいさつ) ()
    tomodachi o keisatsu ni uru
    to turn in a friend to the police
  3. to agitate, to incite
     (けん) () ()
    kenka o uru
    to incite a quarrel
     (なん)だ、 (けん) () ()っているかい?
    Nan da, kenka o utte iru kai?
    What, are you looking for / asking for a fight?

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (betray): 裏切る (うらぎる, ​uragiru)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (agree to transfer goods): 買う (かう, ​kau): to buy something

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN