恐縮

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: S
しゅく
Grade: 6
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

(きょう) (kyō, awful, fear) + (しゅく) (shuku, shrink)

Adjectival noun[edit]

(きょう)(しゅく) (kyōshuku-na (adnominal (きょう)(しゅく) (kyōshuku na), adverbial (きょう)(しゅく) (kyōshuku ni))

  1. feeling thankfulness
  2. feeling awfulness
  3. feeling pity or sorry
  4. feeling shame

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きょう)(しゅく) (kyōshuku

  1. an attitude of feeling thankfulness
    (えき)まで(むか)えにきて(いただ)いて恐縮(きょうしゅく)です。
    Eki made mukae ni kite itada ite kyōshuku desu.
    I feel thankfulness to you for coming to the station to pick me up.
  2. an attitude of feeling awfulness
    恐縮(きょうしゅく)ですが、もう一杯(いっぱい)(はん)のお()わりを(くだ)さい。
    Kyōshuku desu ga, mō ippai go-han no okawari o kudasai.
    I'm awful, but could you give me one more rice?
  3. an attitude of feeling pity or sorry
    顧客(こきゃく)原稿(げんこう)()()りを2日間切(ふつかかんき)()げました。恐縮(きょうしゅく)ですが、作業(さぎょう)(いそ)いで(くだ)さい。
    Kokyaku ga genkō no shimekiri o futsukakan kiriagemashita. kyōshuku desu ga, sagyō o isoide kudasai.
    Our customers requested two days' reduction of the due date of the manuscript. I feel sorry but please speed up the editing.
  4. an attitude of feeling shame
    (わたし)失敗(しっぱい)によりご迷惑(めいわく)をおかけし恐縮(きょうしゅく)です。
    Watashi no shippai ni yori go-meiwaku o o-kake shi kyōshuku desu.
    I feel shame for causing trouble because of my mistake.

Verb[edit]

(きょう)(しゅく)する (kyōshuku surusuru (stem (きょう)(しゅく) (kyōshuku shi), past (きょう)(しゅく)した (kyōshuku shita))

  1. To feel thankfulness
  2. To feel awfulness
  3. To feel pity or sorry
  4. To feel shame

Conjugation[edit]