神風

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See also: 神风

Chinese[edit]

 
God; unusual; mysterious; soul; spirit; divine essence; lively; spiritual being
 
wind; news; style; custom; manner
trad. (神風)
simp. (神风)
anagram 風神风神

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

神風

  1. kamikaze

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かみ
Grade: 3
かぜ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

/kamukaze//kamikaze/

Shift from Old Japanese kamukaze (see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

神風 (hiragana かみかぜ, rōmaji kamikaze)

  1. a divine wind
  2. a kamikaze, a suicide pilot in World War Two
  3. (figuratively) a reckless and dangerous action
  4. the typhoons that saved Japan from Mongol invasion in the late 1200s: see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Mongol invasions of Japan on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
Usage notes[edit]

This kamikaze spelling is also the ultimate source of English kamikaze, but by a circuitous route. The characters appear in  (しん) (ぷう) (とく) (べつ) (こう) (げき) (たい) (shinpū tokubetsu kōgeki tai, shinpū special attack unit), the name of airborne kamikaze units surely named after the typhoon but using the on'yomi or Sino-Japanese reading shinpū (see below). The kamikaze reading was used informally in the Japanese media at the time, and this made its way into English. For more, see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Kamikaze#Definition and etymology on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

The Japanese term for referring to the WWII suicide pilots is the abbreviated form  (とっ) (こう) (たい) (tokkōtai).

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かむ
Grade: 3
かぜ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[2]

Compound of (kamu, god, deity, the ancient combining form of modern kami) +‎ (kaze, wind).[3][1][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

神風 (hiragana かむかぜ, rōmaji kamukaze)

  1. (archaic) a divine wind
  2. (archaic) the typhoons that saved Japan from Mongol invasion in the late 1200s: see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Mongol invasions of Japan on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 3
かぜ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

/kamukaze//kankaze/

From Old Japanese. Shift from earlier kamukaze (see above).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

神風 (hiragana かんかぜ, rōmaji kankaze)

  1. (archaic) a divine wind
  2. (archaic) the typhoons that saved Japan from Mongol invasion in the late 1200s: see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Mongol invasions of Japan on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
ふう > ぷう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 神風 (MC ʑiɪn pɨuŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

神風 (hiragana しんぷう, rōmaji shinpū)

  1. a divine wind
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 2, poem 162), text here
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0

Further reading[edit]