-un

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Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-un

  1. of

Synonyms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-un

  1. Suffix variant for the illative singular: see -Vn.

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

U-mutated variant of -an, from Old Norse -an, from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-un f

  1. Forms nouns from verbs (generally class 4 weak verbs) denoting the action or state described by the verb
    þróa (develop)þróun (development)
    hafna (reject)höfnun (rejection)

Derived terms[edit]


Ngarrindjeri[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-un

  1. Suffix denoting present tense.

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Variant of -an f, from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz. Unlike "-an", "-un" is affected by u-umlaut in the nominative, accusative and dative singular forms.

Suffix[edit]

-un f

  1. (deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Cognate with Russian -ун (-un).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /un/
  • Rhymes: -un
  • Syllabification: un

Suffix[edit]

-un m

  1. Forms masculine nouns
    bieg + ‎-un → ‎biegun

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • -un in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • -un in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Common Turkic *-ï-ŋ.

Suffix[edit]

-un (complying with vowel harmony)

  1. An epenthetic variant of -n (the suffixation of the second-person singular possession), agglutinated after a syllable which ends in a consonant and contains a rounded back vowel
    torun (grand child) + ‎-un → ‎(senin) torunun (your grandchild)
    horoz (rooster) + ‎-un → ‎(senin) horozun (your rooster)
Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـِڭ(-ïŋ), from Common Turkic *-nïŋ. Final had been coronalised to -n and initial -n- had been dropped apparently to avoid cluster.

Compare with Azerbaijani -un, Kazakh -ның (-nyñ) / -дың (-dyñ) / -тың (-tyñ), Tuvan -нуң (-nuñ) / -дуң (-duñ) / -туң (-tuñ), etc.

Suffix[edit]

-un (complying with vowel harmony)

  1. Variant of -nun (suffix forming genitive), agglutinated after a syllable which ends in a consonant and contains a rounded back vowel
    okul (school) + ‎-un → ‎okulun (school’s, of school)
Usage notes[edit]