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See also: Turkiye, Türkiyə, and Türkiýe


Alternative forms[edit]


Unadapted borrowing from Turkish Türkiye. First adopted in 2020 by the Turkish Exporters Assembly and then by the Turkish government in December 2021 to replace the exonyms of Turkey in other languages. In English, the change has been attributed to confusion with the noun senses of the homonym turkey.[1] In June 2022, the United Nations accepted the country's request to change its official name there in the UN languages.[2]

Proper noun[edit]


  1. (official, rare) Turkey (a country in Europe and Asia)
    • 2020 March, “March 18th to be commemorated together with Anzac descendants”, in The Turkish Perspective[3], number 80, Turkish Exporters Assembly, page 7:
      Türkiye is going to commemorate March 18th Çanakkale Victory and Martyrs’ Day and 105th anniversary of the Çanakkale Land Battles held at Gallipoli Peninsula in Çanakkale on March 18th.
    • 2021 December 21, “Participation of Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu in the 6th Meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Visegrad Group + Türkiye, 21 December 2021”, in Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Turkey)[4]:
      The two Ministers welcomed the close relations between Türkiye and Hungary, and affirmed their determination to further develop them in line with our strategic partnership.
    • 2021 December 24, “Why is 'Istanbul' a common female name in Somalia?”, in TRT World[5]:
      This year, Somalia celebrated the 10th anniversary of its special relationship with Turkiye.
    • 2022 January 1, “'Modular, prefabricated construction sector to thrive in 2022'”, in Anadolu Agency[6]:
      Dorce is one of the leading companies in emergency settlement field globally, he said, adding that the firm is trying to meet all the vital needs of more than 100,000 people in the modular prefabricated integrated living spaces in different regions of Turkiye.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Türkiye (with the umlaut) is the dominant and officially prescribed form, but Turkiye (with no diacritics) is also in use.
  • The word remains rare outside of Turkish sources or official contexts, such as when referring to the country by its full official name (Republic of Türkiye).



  1. ^ “Why Turkey is now 'Turkiye', and why that matters”, in TRT World[1], accessed 2022-01-02
  2. ^ “Turkey today, Türkiye tomorrow: U.N. okays country’s request for change”, in Washington Post[2], accessed 2022-06-03, ISSN 0190-8286


Gagauz Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gag

Proper noun[edit]


  1. Turkey (a country in Europe and Asia)


Turkish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia tr


From Ottoman Turkish توركیه(Türkiya, Türkiye) and تركیه(Türkiya, Türkiye). Morphologically Türk +‎ -iye.

Compare also Azerbaijani Türkiyə; Arabic تُرْكِيَا(Turkiyā); etc.


  • IPA(key): /týɾ.ci.je/, [t̪ʰýɾ.cʰi.je̞]
  • Hyphenation: Tür‧ki‧ye

Proper noun[edit]


  1. Turkey (a country in Europe and Asia)
    Türkiye Cumhuriyetithe Republic of Turkey
  2. A female given name