Wiktionary:Requested entries (Dutch)

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Have an entry request? Add it to the list. - but please:

  • Think twice before adding long lists of words as they may be ignored.
  • If possible provide context, usage, field of relevance, etc.
  • Check the Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion if you are unsure if it belongs in the dictionary.
  • If the entry already exists, but seems incomplete or incorrect, do not add it here; add a request template to the entry itself to ask someone to fix the problem, e.g. {{rfp}} or {{rfe}} for pronunciation or etymology respectively.
    — Note also that such requests, like the information requested, belong on the base form of a word, not on inflected forms.

Please remove entries from this list once they have been written (i.e. the link is “live”, shown in blue, and has a section for the correct language)

There are a few things you can do to help:

  • Add glosses or brief definitions.
  • Add the part of speech, preferably using a standardized template.
  • If you know what a word means, consider creating the entry yourself instead of using this request page.
  • Please indicate the gender(s) .
  • If you see inflected forms (plurals, past tenses, superlatives, etc.) indicate the base form (singular, infinitive, absolute, etc.) of the requested term and the type of inflection used in the request.
  • Don’t delete words just because you don’t know them — it may be that they are used only in certain contexts or are archaic or obsolete.
  • Don’t simply replace words with what you believe is the correct form. The form here may be rare or regional. Instead add the standard form and comment that the requested form seems to be an error in your experience.

Requested-entry pages for other languages: Category:Requested entries. See also: Wiktionary:Wanted entries/nl.


a, A[edit]

b, B[edit]

  • bekleven
    • (Belgian Dutch) very archaic past tense of beklijven (endure)
    • (also Belgian Dutch?) "pasting onto something"
  • braadworst = bratwurst
  • Buys - Voornaam
    Surely an achternaam ("surname") instead? ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 08:07, 23 November 2018 (UTC)
  • BV: in business, "Besloten Vennootschap met beperkte aansprakelijkheid"?
The Dutch version of "inc"

c, C[edit]

d, D[edit]

  • dan anders
    I think this is SOP for than otherwise. I wouldn't know of an idiomatic use. Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 10:35, 3 May 2017 (UTC)
    Here’s the sentence where I saw it: “Op een morgen bleef Enok de eekhoorn langer dan anders in zijn bed liggen”.
    I was unable to make sense of it using the definitions at anders. I found somewhere else that it meant “longer than usual”, so I thought it could be an idiom. — Ungoliant (falai) 13:05, 3 May 2017 (UTC)
    Actually, it's "longer than usual" is "langer ("longer") dan anders". So, seen from this point, it's "than usual". SOP for "than else". TheDodosaurus (talk) 16:00, 12 January 2018 (UTC)
    I added a little usex to clarify this at anders. dan anders probably shouldn't have an entry, it's SOP afaict. — Mnemosientje (t · c) 17:33, 30 May 2018 (UTC)
  • die (= de, dialectal)
  • doodgereden
killed by driving over it
Has no meaning
It's the abbreviation of Duitsland used in football broadcasts. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 07:39, 22 August 2019 (UTC)
Flemish, to become a doctor/PhD

e, E[edit]

  • eindbaas - “ugly person” (slang)
    Never heard of this usage, personally. — Kleio (t · c) 08:55, 1 May 2017 (UTC)
    (I added that request.) Found one cite here. I think it is used among students and secondary schoolers. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 10:56, 26 February 2019 (UTC)
  • ervantussen
away. To go "ervantussen" = leaving a meeting. Very informal. Also implies "I don't really care, I'm leaving". Joepnl (talk) 03:25, 26 January 2019 (UTC)

f, F[edit]

  • flappen (“flap ik 't eruit” translating “I’ll blab it out”)
Also a noun, meaning high value banknotes. Joepnl (talk) 03:28, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • flink as a noun (“Ook als zn. flink ‘krachtige, behendige (=flinke) persoon’ [1691; WNT]”, Etymologisch Woordenboek van het Nederlands)
Sturdy Joepnl (talk) 03:28, 26 January 2019 (UTC)

g, G[edit]

  • gireren
  • goldrush
  • grammatikers ([1], [2]) - grammarians, attestable?
  • gruit (herb mixture used for flavouring beer)
    Also added some derived terms, some of which are frequently used in italics in English texts about beer. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 08:44, 5 December 2018 (UTC)
  • Gooise r
    Lit. the way people pronounce the letter R in the expensive region "Het Gooi". Connotation: hockey, rich, succesful. And a bit nouveau riche. Joepnl (talk) 05:52, 26 January 2019 (UTC)

h, H[edit]

  • harnas (figurative sense)
    The figurative sense is the noun, to try to protect yourself Joepnl (talk)
  • heelder, heeldere: adjective meaning many? Belgian Dutch, regional, very colloquial?
    Flemish, "all of her"Joepnl (talk) 03:40, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • het vuur aansteken (or whatever the lemma should be)
    I'm not aware of this having any idiomatic meaning, it simply means "to light the fire". Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 14:20, 18 December 2017 (UTC)
  • hoelang, hoe lang
    Simply "how long". "Hoelang moest je wachten"/"How long did you have to wait".
  • hopla, hoppla
    Only hopla (edit: or hoppa/hoppah). Similar to "tadah!". "Now I turn on the heat, and hopla there's the popcorn"/"I spray only once, wipe and hopla, it's all clean". A bit 80-ish. Joepnl (talk) 03:40, 26 January 2019 (UTC)

i, I[edit]

  • icke (Middle Dutch as there's no Wiktionary:Requested entries (Middle Dutch); src) - alt form of ic (I) used in rhyme?
  • in de boter trappen Toen Benoot op de Kruisberg (op 38,8 kilometer van de finish) versnelde, trapte hij in de boter achter hem aan. "Ik zat echt 'op mijn gemak'." Met een nieuwe prik op de top voerde hij de selectie zélf verder door. A
    • I'm Dutch and I've never heard of it. Results on (wiki stop breaking my link damnit)
      make it questionable this would even pass an RfV. W3ird N3rd (talk) 11:27, 2 August 2017 (UTC)
    It means "to cycle with ease, to cycle comfortably" and it looks like it's sports cyclist jargon. [3] I'm not sure it would pass RFV either. Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 14:16, 7 August 2017 (UTC)
  • in de buurt
  • in de buurt van
    • These are both WT:SOP; it is covered by the sense vicinity at the lemma for buurt which I just added. — Kleio (t · c) 16:05, 7 January 2017 (UTC)
      Actually, I've thought about this a bit now and am not so sure anymore. buurt is after all rarely if ever used to mean "vicinity" by itself, it is almost always used in combination with in [de]. Perhaps in de buurt merits an entry (though in de buurt van would still be unnecessary). Anyone? — Kleio (t · c) 17:27, 7 January 2017 (UTC)
      The WNT has a few cites for the meaning "vicinity". Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 14:08, 9 January 2017 (UTC)
      You're right, good call. I suppose that confirms that these proposed entries would be SOP, then. — Kleio (t · c) 14:38, 9 January 2017 (UTC)
      If these phrases comprise the vast majority of uses of that sense of buurt, we could consider redirecting them to that sense. — Ungoliant (falai) 13:06, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
      That's certainly the case for in de buurt van, possibly also for in de buurt though as bij X in de buurt it can also refer to a neighbourhood. Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 15:20, 19 January 2017 (UTC)
      Consider also uit de buurt (a way away). —CodeCat 15:23, 19 January 2017 (UTC)
It also means "something similar". "The proposed quote gets in de buurt van what we are wanting to pay". Like "near". Joepnl (talk) 23:10, 24 October 2019 (UTC)
  • incasso (in Dutch)
  • indraaien
    Find yourself into. "You draait into jail". Stemming from to put something somewhere by rotating, like a screw or a carriage. Joepnl (talk) 03:53, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • infotainend: From infotainment
    Likely won't pass an RfV. W3ird N3rd (talk) 11:39, 2 August 2017 (UTC)
    See infotainen. —CodeCat 11:45, 2 August 2017 (UTC)
    Infotainen is roughly as common as Kinderleichenficker and I don't think that RfV is going to pass. W3ird N3rd (talk) 20:53, 2 August 2017 (UTC)
  • inrijden
    Enter a street, usually used to say it's forbidden to do so. Also used for the first use of a car where the first rides are to "train" the car. Joepnl (talk) 03:53, 26 January 2019 (UTC)

j, J[edit]

k, K[edit]

  • kankerhoer
    Added, but I'm curious where you found it (not that it's hard to find). ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 12:38, 12 December 2018 (UTC)
  • klopt (some sort of interjection?)
    • covered by the imperative of a verb?
      I think it is rather a colloquial version of dat klopt (that's correct) with subject drop. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 13:43, 17 February 2018 (UTC)
      This is the 3rd person singular present tense of the verb "kloppen" meaning 5: "(that is) true". Already covered. HansRompel (talk) 18:32, 23 February 2019 (UTC)
  • Klozum, Klozem: a Dutch festival: see Wikipedia.
  • krijgen een idee (or maybe a new sense at krijgen?)
    This seems ungrammatical, it should be een idee krijgen. But even so, is it not SOP? —CodeCat 11:44, 2 August 2017 (UTC)
    It's grammatical in [zij] krijgen een idee, just not a lemma form. But yes, it's SOP - I've added an extra ux to the first sense of krijgen to clarify. — Mnemosientje (t · c) 12:47, 27 November 2018 (UTC)
  • kruiven syn. to krullen
  • kwaad (adverb)
    • covered by the adjective having "predicative/adverbial" in the inflection section (even though in english this would be a change like angry -> angrily)?
  • kampionato (championship) should list in Dutch language or Papiamento? It seem the creole version of campionato and it is a noun. Matthew hk (talk) 14:34, 23 February 2019 (UTC)
    @Matthew hk This is Papiamento, so it doesn't really belong on this page. Unfortunately, there isn't a page for Papiamento requested entries. @HansRompel Where do requests for Papiamento entries go? ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 15:35, 23 February 2019 (UTC)
    @Matthew hk @Lingo Bingo Dingo A Papiamento request page doesn't exist yet. "Kampionato" is not a Dutch word. The Dutch word is "kampioenschap", which already exists. In Papiamento the correct official translation is "kampEonato" (compare the Spanish and Portuguese translation "campeonato"). Not a frequently used word, but I can add it. You're welcome. HansRompel (talk) 18:23, 23 February 2019 (UTC)
    Yes, I knew about it not being Dutch and what the Dutch equivalent is. Anyway, I'll make a request page for Papiamento. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 08:27, 25 February 2019 (UTC)
  • kwitantie (receipt), see квита́нция (kvitáncija), see quittance

l, L[edit]

  • lamelgewicht two senses: a weight used to stabilise rolgordijnen and a type of thin brass weights
  • leken (as a lemma)
    Past tense of "lijken", also plural of "leek" meaning "someone who's not initiated" (into a religion, medicine, etc). Joepnl (talk) 04:39, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • lopen (“gevaar lopen”)
Maybe similar to "goed lopen" (go well), but not really the same. I don't think it can be combined with other words. onheil lopen doesn't sound like it would make sense. Alexis Jazz (talk) 20:55, 29 May 2018 (UTC)
You can also lopen als een geoliede machine. Or things could loopt op rolletjes. Lopen als just means going going like in this case. Alexis Jazz (talk) 20:55, 29 May 2018 (UTC)
Air jump (with a parachute from a plane). "Luchtsprongetje", the small version, is jumping in joy about something you just learned (They said "you passed!" so "I made a luchtsprongetje"). Joepnl (talk) 23:13, 24 October 2019 (UTC)

m, M[edit]

  • mee (I’m not sure if it counts as a verb or even as a distinct sense, but it would be nice to have at least a usage note to explain sentences like “ik moet mee”)
    Definitely not a verb; it's the same as in English ‘come with’: an adverbial use of a preposition.
    There are other uses of moeten without a verb. —CodeCat 11:38, 2 August 2017 (UTC)
  • mergel (allegedly meaning chalk in Limburg (WP))
  • mwôh "Don't think so", "you're overstating". Joepnl (talk) 23:15, 24 October 2019 (UTC)

n, N[edit]

  • navraag
    Asking for more details when the first answer didn't get you enough information. "Why didn't we get breakfast as the tour operator promised?" "Bij navraag the hotel manager said they never served breakfast and that it was in the contract". Joepnl (talk) 04:46, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • Ned
  • Nederduytsch (adj.), Neder-duytsch (noun)
    Obsolete spellings of Nederduits, probably in the sense "Dutch" judging from the spelling, I'll add them later. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 07:57, 26 November 2018 (UTC)
    Is it really "Dutch" or is it "Dutch / Low German" (treated as or thought to be one thing, even though the text is Dutch)? Asked differently, does Nederduits really have the specific sense "Dutch" or only 1. "Dutch / Low German" (one thing), which of course can be used in reference to Dutch, and 2. "younger, strict sense: Low German"? --Magic Ivan (talk) 18:37, 26 November 2018 (UTC)
    Considering that most hits I saw on BGC for these spellings were texts about the Dutch language, including prescriptive grammars of Modern Dutch, probably sense 1. Note that this spelling went out of fashion in the early 19th century. But you'd have to read the books to be perfectly sure. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 10:49, 27 November 2018 (UTC)
  • negergedachten Lit. thoughts that negros would have. Example here
    Plural of negergedachte, lit. "negro thought, thought of a negro", historically used (especially in the plural) for "black/African way of thinking". Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 11:11, 19 July 2017 (UTC)
  • net zo goed
    I think this is SOP for (just) as good or (just) as well. Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 10:35, 3 May 2017 (UTC)
    Here’s the sentence where I saw it: “Ik kan net zo goed nog even blijven liggen”. It seems equivalent to the English idiom might as well. — Ungoliant (falai) 13:09, 3 May 2017 (UTC)

o, O[edit]

I know Dutch and I have no idea what that's supposed to mean. Throwing them under the ground? He swept them under the rug? He killed them? Alexis Jazz (talk) 20:10, 29 May 2018 (UTC)
Alternative spelling of op zich. Alexis Jazz (talk) 20:10, 29 May 2018 (UTC)
@Alexis Jazz, is it considered standard? — Ungoliant (falai) 20:16, 29 May 2018 (UTC)
@Ungoliant MMDCCLXIV Opzich verwacht ik dat je deze spelling wel regelmatig tegen zal komen, maar hij staat niet op de woordenlijst.
(I would expect you to find this spelling fairly often, but it's not on the word list.)
I searched a newspaper for "opzich" and the first two hits are just opzicht with a typo. It does occur, but probably more likely to be found in colloquial conversations. Alexis Jazz (talk) 20:29, 29 May 2018 (UTC)

p, P[edit]

q, Q[edit]

r, R[edit]

Certainly not a word in Dutch. Joepnl (talk) 23:20, 27 April 2019 (UTC)

s, S[edit]

Schranken is een verschijnsel waarbij door scheefstand of doorhangen in een constructie (on)gewenste effecten optreden. (Schranken is a phenomenon which causes (un)desirable effects in a construction because something is tilted or doorgehangen) Not sure how to translate "doorhangen". Alexis Jazz (talk) 23:00, 30 May 2018 (UTC)
Maybe SoP because stuk can be replaced with almost any noun. Alexis Jazz (talk) 23:00, 30 May 2018 (UTC)
  • Lit. "piece before piece". "Each and every"/"One by one". "The allegations brought up by the prosecution were stuk voor stuk destroyed by the lawyer". Joepnl (talk) 05:01, 26 January 2019 (UTC)

t, T[edit]

  • tegenwerpen has a separate legal meaning.
    The legal meaning is "you say X but I want to tegenwerpen that you should consider that Y" Joepnl (talk) 05:19, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • temeer
    Also only used by lawyers. "especially because". "While you claim you can rent my appartment for $200, I don't agree. Such rent is way too low for today's standards, and temeer there is not even a contract" Joepnl (talk) 05:19, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • Teunis, Theunis: male given name
  • tisike (needs Dutch); a phthisic (i.e., one suffering from consumption or pulmonary tuberculosis), Middle Dutch (since WT:RE:dum doesn't exist, I brought the request here); from the Latin phthisicus; blue-linked because of a Middle English entry. — I.S.M.E.T.A. 07:43, 5 December 2014 (UTC)
  • tussen de oren
    "between the ears". Used to say that the illnes a patient perceives is not actually physical but a psychological problem. Joepnl (talk) 05:19, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • tussenpakken - Belgian: "to take on"? "to beat up"? [6]

u, U[edit]

  • uitdraait
    "come down to". "It will probably uitdraait to 6 weeks in jail".
  • uitschudden
    Literally it's shaking something to reach a certain result. Not sure in what context. Joepnl (talk) 05:27, 26 January 2019 (UTC)
  • uitverkoren, old perfect participle of uitverkiezen, and adjective on its own

v, V[edit]

w, W[edit]

I should know this, but don't. Waarbij in the sense of:
  • "We gaan tekenen, waarbij we potloden gebruiken" (We're going to draw, ? we will use pencils)
  • "We gaan op speurtocht, waarbij onze training goed van pas zal komen" (We're going on a treasure hunt, ? our training will come in handy)
  • "Ze beoordeelden ieder detail, waarbij niemand gespaard bleef" (They judged every detail, ? nobody was spared)
I can't think of any word that properly mimics this sense of "waarbij". There is whereby or for/in/during which but they don't feel right. Alexis Jazz (talk) 08:30, 16 June 2018 (UTC)
I think the phrases with "[preposition] which" do the job, though I think "and (...) [preposition] that" might sound more 'native' in those examples. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 14:28, 27 June 2018 (UTC)
Also used to say we don't care in a polite way. "We are going to look very closely at this new factory in your backyard, waarbij we of course will take the things you mentioned into consideration". We do this, but we acknowledge that. Joepnl (talk) 23:43, 27 April 2019 (UTC)

x, X[edit]

y, Y[edit]

z, Z[edit]

  • zero day-lek[7]
    This isn't really attested much at all on the web, and all I can see via Google is non-durably archived attestations (a small handful, not one of them in Google Books). Looks like a lazy protologism, not sure if it should get an entry at all. — Kleio (t · c) 20:09, 5 April 2017 (UTC)
    zero day-kwetsbaarheid seems a bit more common. Attestation for "zero-day", "zero day" or "zero day-exploit" is much easier. Alexis Jazz (talk) 07:00, 13 May 2018 (UTC)
    I'm not sure we can attest zero-day or zero day for Dutch, but I'm not finding zero day-lek in any CFI-worthy sources in any case. It seems SOP, a combination of borrowed zero day (I think zero-day would be more correct) and the Dutch word lek. — Mnemosientje (t · c) 16:55, 30 May 2018 (UTC)
  • zijle ok(ithinksamemeanin?zulle<2schwa's,zijliekindaPERS.PRONOUN3.persnplural?
  • zijn eigen boontjes doppen Verb, idiomatic: "to fend for oneself".
Should be de eigen boontjes doppen or eigen boontjes doppen. Women can dop their boontjes too. Alexis Jazz (talk) 12:33, 11 October 2018 (UTC)
@Alexis Jazz The convention for Dutch is to use zijn. Using de instead of zijn is a terrible idea because it misleads the reader into thinking that a definite article rather than a possessive determiner should be used. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 14:31, 11 October 2018 (UTC)
@Lingo Bingo Dingo oh, alright. Just hoping we won't have to deal with an angry mob of feminists at some point. Alexis Jazz (talk) 15:04, 11 October 2018 (UTC)
I doubt that will be an issue, even though the convention is admittedly quite sexist.
One thing I forgot to add is that having entries for the form with a definite article is of course fine if they are sufficiently attested. ←₰-→ Lingo Bingo Dingo (talk) 06:34, 12 October 2018 (UTC)
Using impersonal je is another option. —Rua (mew) 13:22, 27 November 2018 (UTC)