badać

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Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bādàti. By surface analysis, bóść +‎ -ać. [First attested in the second half of the 14th century.]

Verb[edit]

badać impf (perfective zbadać)

  1. to look for, to seek
  2. to investigate
  3. to consider, to ponder
  4. (reflextive) to ask, to find out
  5. (reflextive) to listen

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Descendants[edit]

  • Polish: badać

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish badać, from Proto-Slavic *bādàti, from *bosti. By surface analysis, bóść +‎ -ać. [First attested in the second half of the 14th century.][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈba.dat͡ɕ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -adat͡ɕ
  • Syllabification: ba‧dać

Verb[edit]

badać impf (perfective zbadać)

  1. (transitive, medicine) to test, to probe (to check or the medical state of a patient or have one's own medical state checked)
    badać chorego/pacjentato examine a patient
    badać ofiaręto examine a victim
    badać brzuchto check (someone's) stomach
    badać pulsto check (someone's) pulse
    badać wzrokto check one's vision
  2. (transitive) to explore, to research, to study (to find out more about a given phenomenon or object through specific means)
    badać dialektto research a dialect
    badać faunę i floręto research flora and fauna
    badać galaktykęto study a galaxy
    badać hipotezęto examine/test a hypothesis
    badać krewto test blood
    badać okolicznościto examine/test one's surroundings
    badać problemto analyze/investigate a problem
    badać przyczynyto investigate the causes
    badać skutki (czegoś)to examine/study the effects (of something)
    badać sprawęto investigate/poke around (something)
    badać strukturęto study a structure
    badać właściwości (czegoś)to study the properties (of something)
  3. (transitive) to study, to probe (to examine with one's senses)
    badać reakcjęto gauge a reaction
    badać alkomatemto breathalyze
    badać językiemto give a taste test
    badać wzrokiemto inspect/examine (with one's eyes)
  4. (reflexive, medicine) to be tested, to be probed, to be examined (to have one's own medical state checked)

Verb[edit]

badać impf

  1. (transitive) to investigate, to explore (to ask in depth about something)
    badać świadkato examine/question a witness
  2. (reflexive) to be check each other out (to get to know each other through observation)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

adjective
adverb
nouns
verbs

References[edit]

  1. ^ B. Sieradzka-Baziur, editor (2011–2015), “badać”, in Słownik pojęciowy języka staropolskiego [Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish] (in Polish), Kraków: IJP PAN, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • badać in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • badać in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • badać”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2022
  • badać się”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2022
  • Paweł Kupiszewski (17.02.2016), “BADAĆ”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Paweł Kupiszewski (17.02.2016), “BADAĆ%20SIĘ”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807) Słownik języka polskiego[1]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[2]
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “badać”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 81
  • badać in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego