bistro

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Bistro, bistró, bistrò, and bistrô

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
At the Bistro, painting by Jean Beraud

Etymology[edit]

Attested from c. 1920, from the French bistro(t) with the original meaning "proprietor of a tavern" (1880s), of unknown origin, presumably regional French dialect. See the French etymology for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbiːstɹəʊ/, /ˈbɪstɹəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbiːstɹoʊ/, /ˈbɪstɹoʊ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: (UK) -ɪstɹəʊ, (US) -ɪstɹoʊ

Noun[edit]

bistro (plural bistros)

  1. A small restaurant.
  2. A small bar or pub.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

bistro (third-person singular simple present bistros, present participle bistroing, simple past and past participle bistroed)

  1. (rare) to eat at a bistro

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French bistro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bistro c (singular definite bistroen, plural indefinite bistroer)

  1. A bistro.

Inflection[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bistro (accusative singular bistron, plural bistroj, accusative plural bistrojn)

  1. bistre

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bistro

  1. bistro

Declension[edit]

Inflection of bistro (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative bistro bistrot
genitive bistron bistrojen
partitive bistroa bistroja
illative bistroon bistroihin
singular plural
nominative bistro bistrot
accusative nom. bistro bistrot
gen. bistron
genitive bistron bistrojen
partitive bistroa bistroja
inessive bistrossa bistroissa
elative bistrosta bistroista
illative bistroon bistroihin
adessive bistrolla bistroilla
ablative bistrolta bistroilta
allative bistrolle bistroille
essive bistrona bistroina
translative bistroksi bistroiksi
instructive bistroin
abessive bistrotta bistroitta
comitative bistroineen
Possessive forms of bistro (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person bistroni bistromme
2nd person bistrosi bistronne
3rd person bistronsa

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The legend of the origin of the word due to the Russian occupation in 1814.

The etymology is unclear, and is presumed to come from a regional word: bistro, bistrot, bistingo, or bistraud, a word in the Poitou dialect which means a "lesser servant." Another offered is bistouille or bistrouille, a colloquial term from the northern area of France,[1] which is a mixture of brandy and coffee; precisely the kind of beverage that could be served at a bistro. The first recorded use of the word appears in 1884,[2] and again in 1892 ("bistrot").

A popular folk etymology of the word claims that it originated among Russian troops who occupied Paris following the Napoleonic Wars. In taverns they would shout the Russian бы́стро (býstro, quickly) to the waiters, so that "bistro" took on the meaning of a place where food was served quickly.[3] This etymology is rejected, due to the 69 year gap between the proposed origin and the first attestation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bistro m (plural bistros)

  1. bistro

Descendants[edit]

  • Brazilian Portuguese: bistrô
  • Danish: bistro
  • English: bistro

References[edit]

  1. ^ Glenn Randall Mack, Asele Surina. Food Culture In Russia And Central Asia. →ISBN. Page 154.
  2. ^ Robert K. Barnhart. The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology. →ISBN. Page 94.
  3. ^ Scarborough, Jack. The Origins of Cultural Differences and Their Impact on Management. →ISBN. Page 172; Joseph, Nadine. Passport France. World Trade Press, 1997. Page 84.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French bistre.

Noun[edit]

bistro m (plural bistri)

  1. bistre

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bistro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bistrare

Further reading[edit]

  • bistro in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bistro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bistro n (indeclinable)

  1. bistro (small restaurant)
    paryskie bistroa Parisian bistro
    pobliskie bistroa nearby bistro
    małe bistroa small bistro
    bar i bistrobar and bistro

Declension[edit]

Or indeclinable.

Further reading[edit]

  • bistro in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bistro in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bistro n (plural bistrouri)

  1. Alternative form of bistrou

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French bistro.

Noun[edit]

bìstrō m (Cyrillic spelling бѝстро̄)

  1. bistro

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bistro

  1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular of bistar

Adverb[edit]

bistro

  1. clearly

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bistro m (plural bistros)

  1. bistro

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French bistro. Attested since 1947.

Noun[edit]

bistro c

  1. small bar or café

Declension[edit]

Declension of bistro 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bistro bistron bistroer bistroerna
Genitive bistros bistrons bistroers bistroernas

References[edit]