From Late Latin ēvertere (“to turn (an item of clothing) inside out”), Latin ēvertere, present active infinitive of ēvertō (“to turn upside down; to overturn; to reverse”), from ē- (variant of ex- (prefix meaning ‘out, away’)) + vertō (“to reverse; to revolve, turn; to turn around”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wert- (“to rotate, turn”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪˈvɜːt/
Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /iˈvɝt/, /ə-/
- (transitive, often biology, physiology) To turn inside out (like a pocket being emptied) or outwards.
- 1923 February, Herman W. Marshall, quoting E. A. Cayo, “A Compilation of Current Notions on Feet”, in Journal of the National Association of Chiropodists and Pedic Items, volume 13, number 2, New York, N.Y.: National Association of Chiropodists, OCLC 12633613, page 16:
- One of the chief causes of flat foot is the natural defect of improper alignment of the leg and the foot, with the result that both muscle action and gravity act to evert and depress the foot.
- 1958, A[rthur] H[enry] Reginald Buller, “The Sphaerobolus Gun and Its Range”, in Researches on Fungi, volume V (Hyphal Fusions and Protoplasmic Streaming in the Higher Fungi, […]), New York, N.Y.: Hafner Publishing, OCLC 867370573, page 280:
- The older writers, like ourselves, were of course fascinated by the spectacle of a tiny fungus everting its inner peridium with lightning-like rapidity and casting away its ball of spores.
- (transitive, obsolete) To move (someone or something) out of the way.
- (transitive, obsolete, also figuratively) To turn upside down; to overturn.
- (transitive, intransitive, obsolete, also figuratively) To disrupt; to overthrow.
- 1642, Samuell Rutherfurd [i.e., Samuel Rutherford], “Whether the Power of the Keyes of the Kingdome of Christ, be Conferred, upon the Multitude of Believers, as upon the First and Proper Subject, or upon the Church-guides?”, in A Peaceable and Temperate Plea for the Pavls Presbyterie in Scotland, or, A Modest and Brotherly Dispute of the Government of the Church of Scotland, […], London: Printed for Iohn Bartlet […], OCLC 890008189, page 12:
- That is not to be admitted which overturneth the order eſtabliſhed by Chriſt of commanding, and obeying, and which everteth the integrall members and parts of a viſible politike miniſteriall body of Chriſt, but to give the power of the keyes to all, and every one, overturneth this order of Chriſts, [...]