From Middle English, borrowed from Old French inflation (“swelling”), from Latin īnflātiō (“expansion", "blowing up”), from īnflātus, the perfect passive participle of īnflō (“blow into, expand”), from in (“into”) + flō (“blow”). Morphologically inflate + -ion.
inflation (plural inflations)
- An act, instance of, or state of expansion or increase in size, especially by injection of a gas.
- The inflation of the balloon took five hours.
- (economics) An increase in the general level of prices or in the cost of living.
- (economics) A decline in the value of money.
- (economics) An increase in the quantity of money, leading to a devaluation of existing money.
- Undue expansion or increase, as of academic grades.
- (cosmology) An extremely rapid expansion of the universe, theorised to have occurred very shortly after the big bang.
- (cosmology) Burgess & Quevedo, "The Great Cosmic Roller-Coaster Ride", Scientific American, November 2007, pg. 57.
inflation f (plural inflations)
- “inflation” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).