- 1 English
- 2 French
- 3 Old French
From Middle English, borrowed from Old French inflation (“swelling”), from Latin īnflātiō (“expansion", "blowing up”), from īnflātus, the perfect passive participle of īnflō (“blow into, expand”), from in (“into”) + flō (“blow”).
inflation (plural inflations)
- An act, instance of, or state of expansion or increase in size, especially by injection of a gas.
- The inflation of the balloon took five hours.
- (economics) An increase in the general level of prices or in the cost of living.
- (economics) A decline in the value of money.
- (economics) An increase in the quantity of money, leading to a devaluation of existing money.
- Undue expansion or increase, as of academic grades.
- (cosmology) An extremely rapid expansion of the universe, theorised to have occurred very shortly after the big bang.
- (cosmology) Burgess & Quevedo, "The Great Cosmic Roller-Coaster Ride", Scientific American, November 2007, pg. 57.
inflation f (plural inflations)
- “inflation” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).