ingen

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Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse engi, enginn.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /iŋən/, [ˈeŋən]

Pronoun[edit]

ingen (neuter intet, plural ingen)

  1. no; no one; nobody; nothing
  2. neither
  3. none

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ing +‎ -en

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈiŋɡɛn]
  • Hyphenation: in‧gen

Noun[edit]

ingen

  1. superessive singular of ing

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse engi, enginn.

Pronoun[edit]

ingen (feminine inga, masculine ingen, neuter intet, plural ingen)

  1. no; no one; nobody; nothing
  2. neither
  3. none

Adjective[edit]

ingen

  1. no; not any

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse engi, enginn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ingen (feminine inga, masculine ingen, neuter inkje, plural ingen)

  1. no; no one; nobody; nothing
  2. neither
  3. none

Adjective[edit]

ingen

  1. no; not any

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Primitive Irish ᚔᚅᚔᚌᚓᚅᚐ (inigena), from Proto-Celtic *enigenā, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- ‘to produce, beget’; compare Latin indigena (native) and Ancient Greek ἐγγόνη (engónē, granddaughter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ingen f (genitive ingine)

  1. daughter
  2. maiden, virgin, young woman
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *angʷīnā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ-, *h₃nogʷʰ-.

Cognate with Welsh ewin, Breton ivin; and with Latin unguis, English nail, Ancient Greek ὄνυξ (ónux), Russian ноготь (nógot’), Sanskrit नख (nakhá).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ingen f (genitive ingen)

  1. fingernail
  2. toenail
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1 ingen (‘daughter’)” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 ingen (‘nail’)” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §24

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish ængin, from Old Norse engi, enginn, from einn (one) + -gi (privative suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ingen (neuter inget, plural inga)

  1. no, no one, nobody
    Jag har inga cigaretter.
    I have no cigarettes.
    Jag har ingen bil.
    I don't have any car.
    Ingen har någonsin sprungit 100 meter på under nio sekunder!
    No one has ever run 100 meters faster than nine seconds!
    Inget träd kan leva av vatten allena.
    No tree can live by nothing but water.

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The neuter form inget is also used for inanimates, i.e. in the sense "nothing".

See also[edit]