juke

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See also: jouk and jook

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Gullah juke, jook, joog (wicked, disorderly) (compare Wolof and Bambara dzug (unsavory)).[1][2][3]

Noun[edit]

juke (plural jukes)

  1. (Southern US) A roadside cafe or bar, especially one with dancing and sometimes prostitution.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

juke (third-person singular simple present jukes, present participle juking, simple past and past participle juked)

  1. to play dance music, or to dance, in a juke
    • 1941 December, Arthur K. Moore, “Jouk”, in American Speech, page 319:
      ‘Let's jouk’ is an invitation to dance, but ‘Let's go joukin’’ is a request for a date.
    • 1958, Tennessee Williams, Orpheus Descending, New York: New Directions, OCLC 496105926:
      I want you to go juking with me... that's riding and stopping to drink and dance
  2. (slang) to hit
  3. (prison slang) to stab
    • 1992, Ed McBain, Kiss
      "None of the Latinos liked him."
      "So now he's dead."
      "So go talk to the other ten thousand people could've juked him."
    • 2007, Teenager filmed by friend as he stabbed 16-year-old student to death (in Mail Online, 9 February 2007) [1]
      On the internet that night Asghar told a friend: "I'll bang him and then f*** it man, might as well juke [stab] him up tomorrow."
    • 2012, Russell Banks, Book of Jamaica
      He beat me up a couple of times, and I got scared, so one night when he started up again, I just juked him. Three times in the chest, and it still didn't kill him! But I had to go to jail for a whole year.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English jowken (bend)

Verb[edit]

juke (third-person singular simple present jukes, present participle juking, simple past and past participle juked)

  1. To deceive or outmaneuver (someone) using a feint, especially in American football or soccer
    • 2009, January 5, “Pat Borzi”, in Eagles Elude Vikings, but Giants Stand in the Way[2]:
      Turning the Vikings'¯ blitz against them, Westbrook took a screen pass from Donovan McNabb, then juked and scooted 71 yards for a touchdown.
  2. To bend the neck; to bow or duck the head.
    • 1692, Roger L'Estrange, Fables of Æsop and other eminent mythologists with morals and reflexions, London: R. Sare [et alia], OCLC 671318525, Two Laden Asses:
      The Money-Merchant, I warrant ye, was ſo Proud of his Truſt, and of his Bell, that he went Juking and Toſſing of his Head, and Tabring with his Feet all the way, as if no Ground would hold him.

Noun[edit]

juke (plural jukes)

  1. A feint.
  2. The neck of a bird.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lorenzo Dow Turner, “West African Survivals in the Vocabulary of Gullah” (Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association, 1938)
  2. ^ Will McGuire, “Dzug, Dzog, Dzugu, Jook, Juke”, Time, vol. 35, no. 5 (1940), p. 12
  3. ^ Eric Partridge, Tom Dalzell, Terry Victor, The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, 2014, page 448