Chicago

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English[edit]

The Chicago skyline

Etymology[edit]

From French Chécagou, a transcription of Miami šikaakwa (wild leek, ramp, Allium tricoccum; striped skunk), from Proto-Algonquian *šeka·kwa; compare Ojibwe zhigaagawanzh / zhigaagawinzh (onion, leek), zhigaag (striped skunk). Doublet of skunk.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ʃɪˈkɑː.ɡəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ʃɪˈkɑ.ɡoʊ/, /ʃɪˈkɔ.ɡoʊ/[1]
  • (Canada) IPA(key): [ʃɪˈkä(ː).ɡo]
  • (file)
    ,
    (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago

  1. A large city, the county seat of Cook County, in northeastern Illinois, United States, located on Lake Michigan.
    Synonyms: (slang) Chi, (US, slang) Chiraq, (informal) Chi-Town, (US, informal) Hogtown, (vulgar, derogatory) Shitcago, (informal) The Windy City
    • 1953, Saul Bellow, The Adventures of Augie March, New York: Viking Press, →OCLC, page 3:
      I am an American, Chicago born—Chicago, that somber city—and go at things as I have taught myself, free-style, and will make the record in my own way: first to knock, first admitted; sometimes an innocent knock, sometimes a not so innocent.

Usage notes[edit]

In Chicago-related contexts, the word Chicago is often used to refer to certain attributes conventionally associated with the city, such as being tough and hearty, bustling and diverse, or ruthless and corrupt.[5][6][7]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krapp, George Philip (1925) The English Language in America[1], volume II, New York: Century Co. for the Modern Language Association of America, →OCLC, page 49.
  2. ^ “Dialects Of Illinois, Chicago samples 3 and 6”, in (please provide the title of the work)[2], accessed 21 August 2012, archived from the original on 2012-08-21
  3. ^ Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel's pronunciation of the city's name
  4. ^ Chicago Mayor Richard Daley's pronunciation of the city's name
  5. ^ “Welcome Back, Amphitheatre”, in Chicago Tribune, December 7, 1987, page 20: “And, in a uniquely Chicago way, it was host for a perpetual, cosmopolitan feast of sights, sounds and smells.”
  6. ^ Vincent M. Lizzo (April 22, 1994), “City of Rain”, in Chicago Reader[3]: “Some of our real police-type deputies set up a deal on him and took him down in just two days. A very Chicago kind of crime, complete with a moral: the police don't tolerate outsiders messing on their turf.”
  7. ^ Elizabeth Canning Blackwell (2004) Frommer's Portable Chicago[4], 4th edition, →ISBN, page 81: “Heavy, filling and very Chicago, Mr. Beef really hops during lunchtime, when dusty construction workers and suit-wearing businessmen crowd in for their meaty fix.”

Further reading[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago m

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago n (related adjective chicagský)

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Chicago in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • Chicago in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English Chicago.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌʃiˈkaː.ɡoː/, /ˌtʃiˈkaː.ɡoː/
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧ca‧go

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago n

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago f

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃiˈkaːɡo/, (by hypercorrection also) /tʃiˈkaːɡo/

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago n (proper noun, genitive Chicagos or (optionally with an article) Chicago)

  1. Chicago (a major city in Illinois, United States)

Hungarian[edit]

 Chicago on Hungarian Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡ʃikaːɡoː]
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧ca‧go
  • Rhymes: -ɡoː

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Chicago
singular plural
nominative Chicago
accusative Chicagót
dative Chicagónak
instrumental Chicagóval
causal-final Chicagóért
translative Chicagóvá
terminative Chicagóig
essive-formal Chicagóként
essive-modal
inessive Chicagóban
superessive Chicagón
adessive Chicagónál
illative Chicagóba
sublative Chicagóra
allative Chicagóhoz
elative Chicagóból
delative Chicagóról
ablative Chicagótól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Chicagóé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Chicagóéi
Possessive forms of Chicago
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Chicagóm
2nd person sing. Chicagód
3rd person sing. Chicagója
1st person plural Chicagónk
2nd person plural Chicagótok
3rd person plural Chicagójuk

Derived terms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English, from Miami or Potawatomi shikaakwa (wild onion, leek; striped skunk), via the French transcription Chécagou.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃiˈka.ɡo/, (careful style) */ʃiˈka.ɡo/[1]
  • Rhymes: -aɡo
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧cà‧go

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago f

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chicago in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English Chicago.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
 

  • Rhymes: -aɡu
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧ca‧go

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

Slovak[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago n (genitive singular Chicaga, declension pattern of mesto)

  1. Chicago (a city in Illinois, United States)

References[edit]

  • Chicago”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃiˈkaɡo/ [t͡ʃiˈka.ɣ̞o]
  • IPA(key): (less common, imitating English pronunciation) /ʃiˈkaɡo/ [ʃiˈka.ɣ̞o]
  • Rhymes: -aɡo
  • Syllabification: Chi‧ca‧go

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago ?

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

Tatar[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Chicago

  1. Chicago (a large city in Illinois, United States)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]