lode

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See also: lodē

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Doublet of load, which has however become semantically restricted. The now-archaic lode continues the old sense of Old English lād (way, course, journey) but by the 19th century survived only dialectally in the sense of "watercourse", as a technical term in mining, and in the compounds lodestone, lodestar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lode (plural lodes)

  1. (obsolete) A way or path; a road.
  2. (dialectal) a watercourse
  3. (mining) A vein of metallic ore that lies within definite boundaries, or within a fissure.
  4. (by extension) A rich source of supply.

Translations[edit]

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Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin laus, laudem.

Noun[edit]

lode f (plural lodi)

  1. praise

Related terms[edit]

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Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 lode on Latvian Wikipedia
Lode (1, 2)
Lodes (3)

Etymology 1[edit]

A borrowing from Middle Low German lode (piece of lead (used as weight), plummet), or perhaps from an East Frisian word (compare Saterland Frisian Lood) or Middle Dutch lood, which all had the same meaning (compare German Lot (plummet, solder)), itself a borrowing from Celtic (originally meaning “easily melting metal”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *plewd- (to flow), whence also Latvian plūst (to stream, to flow). This borrowing is first attested in 17th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

lode f (5th declension)

  1. (mathematics) sphere
    lodes diametrsdiameter of a sphere
    lodes rādiussradius of a sphere
    lodes tilpumsvolume of a sphere
  2. object with spherical form; (sports) ball
    zemes lode, zemeslodethe Earth Globe
    koka, dzelzs lodewood, iron ball
    grūst lodito push a ball
  3. bullet, canon ball
    iešaut kādam lodi krūtīsto shoot a bullet in someone's chest
    lielgabala lodecannon ball
Declension[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

On the southernmost Livonian toponyms Dzintra Hirša mentions a lake Lúodis in Zarasai District Municipality, Lithuania (as well as Luõdes ezers and Luodezers in Latvia) connecting these with Livonian lūod (northwest) and mentioning Latvian lodes vējš (northwestern wind) as being from the same source.[2]

Noun[edit]

lode f (5th declension)

  1. (dialectal, usually attributively in the expression lodes vējš) northwest
    lodes vējšnorthwestern wind

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lode”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
  2. ^ Dzintra Hirša, Lībieši un lībiešu izcelsmes vietvārdi Latvijā in Kersti Boiko's Lībieši – rakstu krājums, page 213

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lode

  1. neuter singular of loden