Doublet of load, which has however become semantically restricted. The now-archaic lode continues the old sense of Old English lād (“way, course, journey”) but by the 19th century survived only dialectally in the sense of “watercourse”, as a technical term in mining, and in the compounds lodestone, lodestar.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ləʊd/
- (General American) IPA(key): /loʊd/
Audio (US) (file)
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ləʉd/
- Rhymes: -əʊd
- Homophones: load, lowed
lode (plural lodes)
- (obsolete) A way or path; a road.
- (dialectal) A watercourse.
- (mining) A vein of metallic ore that lies within definite boundaries, or within a fissure.
- 1967, Henry C. Berg, Edward Huntington Cobb, Metalliferous Lode Deposits of Alaska, page 14:
- The metals traditionally sought in the Bristol Bay region have been gold and copper, mostly in deposits near Lake Iliamna. An exception is a gold lode discovered about 1930 near Sleitat Mountain (4), where about $200 in gold was recovered from small quartz veins near the periphery of a small granitic intrusive body.
- (by extension) A rich source of supply.
- 2019 September 25, Gary Stix, “Two Linguists Use Their Skills to Inspect 21,739 Trump Tweets”, in Scientific American:
- In recent years, Jack Grieve of the department of English and linguistics at the University of Birmingham in England has embraced Twitter as a bountiful lode for looking at language-use patterns.
- Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
lode f (plural lodi)
- lode in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
lode f pl
- plural of
Borrowed from Middle Low German lode (“piece of lead (used as weight), plummet”), or perhaps from an East Frisian word (compare Saterland Frisian Lood) or Middle Dutch lood, which all had the same meaning (compare German Lot (“plummet, solder”)), itself a borrowing from Celtic (originally meaning “easily melting metal”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *plewd- (“to flow”), whence also Latvian plūst (“to stream, to flow”). This borrowing is first attested in 17th-century dictionaries.
lode f (5th declension)
- (mathematics) sphere
- lodes diametrs ― diameter of a sphere
- lodes rādiuss ― radius of a sphere
- lodes tilpums ― volume of a sphere
- object with spherical form; (sports) ball
- zemes lode, zemeslode ― the Earth Globe
- koka, dzelzs lode ― wood, iron ball
- grūst lodi ― to push a ball
- bullet, cannonball
- iešaut kādam lodi krūtīs ― to shoot a bullet in someone's chest
- lielgabala lode ― cannonball
On the southernmost Livonian toponyms Dzintra Hirša mentions a lake Lúodis in Zarasai District Municipality, Lithuania (as well as Luõdes ezers and Luodezers in Latvia) connecting these with Livonian lūod (“northwest”) and mentioning Latvian lodes vējš (“northwestern wind”) as being from the same source.
lode f (5th declension)
- (dialectal, usually attributively in the expression lodes vējš) northwest
- lodes vējš ― northwestern wind