musket

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Muskets and bayonets.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested around 1210 as a surname, and later in the 1400s as a word for the sparrowhawk (Middle English forms: musket, muskett, muskete (sparrow hawk)),[1][2] from Middle French mousquet, from Old Italian moschetto (a diminutive of mosca (fly), from Latin musca) used to refer initially to a sparrowhawk (given its small size or speckled appearance)[2] and then a crossbow arrow and later a musket,[2][3][4] adhering to a pattern of naming firearms and cannons after birds of prey and similar creatures (compare falcon, falconet),[2][4] a sense which was also borrowed into French and then (around 1580)[3] into English.[4] Cognate to Spanish mosquete, Portuguese mosquete.[4] Smoothbore firearms continued to be called muskets even as they switched from using matchlocks to flintlocks to percussion locks, but with the advent of rifled muskets, the word was finally displaced by rifle.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmʌskət/, /ˈmʌskɪt/

Noun[edit]

musket (plural muskets)

  1. A kind of firearm formerly carried by the infantry of an army, originally fired by means of a match, or matchlock, for which several mechanical appliances (including the flintlock, and finally the percussion lock) were successively substituted; ultimately superseded by the rifle.
    Soldier, soldier, won't you marry me, with your musket, fife and drum.
    Sam, Sam, pick up thy musket.
  2. (falconry) A male Eurasian sparrowhawk.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ musket, noun.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 musket” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 musket” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 musket” in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French mousquet (musket).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /muskɛt/, [muˈsɡ̊ɛd̥]

Noun[edit]

musket c (singular definite musketten, plural indefinite musketter)

  1. musket
  2. (dialectal) A firearm in general.

Inflection[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mʏsˈkɛt/
  • Hyphenation: mus‧ket
  • Rhymes: -ɛt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch musket.

Noun[edit]

musket n (plural musketten, diminutive musketje n)

  1. musket
  2. Obsolete spelling of mosket
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

musket n (uncountable)

  1. hundreds and thousands, nonpareils, tiny sprinkles
Derived terms[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Northern French mousket, borrowed itself from Italian moschetto.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmuskɛt/, /ˈmuskit/

Noun[edit]

musket (plural musketes)

  1. A sparrowhawk or musket.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: musket

References[edit]