pelta

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin, a shield, from Ancient Greek πέλτη (péltē, shield).

Noun[edit]

pelta (plural peltas or peltae)

  1. (historical) A small shield, especially one of an approximately elliptical form, or crescent-shaped.
    • 1970, John Kinloch Anderson, Military Theory and Practice in the Age of Xenophon, page 112:
      Xenophon also mentions bronze peltae, but probably (like hoplite shields) they were only faced with a thin covering of bronze.
    • 1992, Guy Michael Hedreen, Silens in Attic Black-figure Vase-painting: Myth and Performance:
      The other subject illustrated in these scenes of silens carrying peltas appears to be a battle.
    • 2004, Tim Everson, Warfare in Ancient Greece: Arms and Armour from the Heroes of Homer to Alexander the Great:
      After the Celtic invasion of Greece and the subsequent removal of some Celts (the Galatians) to Asia Minor in the 270s, Greek light troops seem to have stopped using the pelta, and adopted instead the large, oval Celtic shield with a central spine.
  2. (art, historical) A crescent-shaped design used in mosaics.
    • 1960, Saul S. Weinberg, The Southeast Building, the Twin Basilicas, the Mosaic House:
      A pattern of red and blue peltae on a white ground, arranged in groups of four with two peltae placed back to back and one at each end facing inward, forms the outer border on the east side of the mosaic.
    • 2006, Anna Maria Giusti, Pietre Dure: The Art of Semiprecious Stonework:
      Evidently it was a deliberate choice to select from the repertory of opus sectile, often extremely figurative, only those decorative motifs that were amenable to sixteenth-century architectural classicism, like the peltae on the Farnese tables, which were still used for the seventeenth-century pavement of the Confessio of St Peter's.
    • 2009, David S. Neal, Roman Mosaics of Britain: South-East Britain, page 424:
      Surrounding the square frame of round-tongued double guilloche is a broad white band with large lozenges (two on each side), outlined dark grey, with their acute angles terminating in voluted peltae with undulating spurs on their roundels.
  3. (botany) A flat apothecium with no rim.
    • 1907, Gardeners Chronicle & New Horticulturist, page 3:
      The calyx is composed of five linear spreading sepals J inch long and attached to the sides of the inferior ovary are four bracts, two of which, the anterior and posterior, remain abortive, whilst the two lateral ones develop into large rounded flattened discs (peltae) attached at the centre.
  4. (microbiology) A crescent-shaped sheet of microtubules that encircles the base of the flagella of a protozoan.
    • 1991, Michael A. Sleigh, Protozoa and Other Protists, page 116:
      A striated parabasal fibre is closely associated with a large parabasal golgi system; a dense pre-axostylar fibre connects to the axostyle, which is a curved sheet of microtubules that encloses the nucleus and extends to (or protrudes from) the posterior end of the cell; the same pre-axostylar fibre links to the pelta, which is a sheet of microtubules that curves around within a sort of collar that encloses the flagellar bases before turning back to meet the axostyle []
    • 2010, W. de Souza, Structures and Organelles in Pathogenic Protists, page 16:
      The pelta is a crescent-shaped sheet also formed by microtubules, and it overlaps with the axostyle in the anterior region of the cell. The pelta supports the wall of the anterior region of the cell and the flagellar canal from which the flagella emerges.
    • 2012, Michael Melkonian, The Cytoskeleton of Flagellate and Ciliate Protists, page 86:
      The anterior semi-circular pelta surrounds the basal body area and the axostyle forms the longitudinal axis of the cell.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

A peltast carrying a pelte shield (pelta)

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πέλτη (péltē).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pelta f (genitive peltae); first declension

  1. a small crescent-shaped shield of Thracian design.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pelta peltae
genitive peltae peltārum
dative peltae peltīs
accusative peltam peltās
ablative peltā peltīs
vocative pelta peltae

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • pelta in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pelta in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “pelta”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • pelta in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • pelta in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pelta in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin