po-

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Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

po-

  1. Perfective aspect, as in požádat ask
  1. (as an imperfective verb) (often used with se or si) intensification: added to mean to do X during a certain time period (rather calmly, enjoying it)
    po- + ‎přemítat (reflect on sth) → ‎popřemítat si (reflect for some time)
  1. after-, as in pozdě late, from po
  2. unto-, at-, along-, as in place names

Further reading[edit]

  • po- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Esperanto[edit]

Prefix[edit]

po-

  1. A prefix having a similar distributive meaning as the preposition po
    vendi pogrande — sell wholesale
    la ponumera prezo — the price per issue
    poiom — bit by bit

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *po, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂pó, zero-grade of *h₂epo (whence ab).

Prefix[edit]

po-

  1. off, away

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

po-

  1. Prepended to imperfective verbs to form iterative perfectives
    po- + ‎narzekać → ‎ponarzekać
    po- + ‎nalepiać → ‎ponalepiać
  2. Prepended to imperfective verbs to create semelfactive perfectives
    po- + ‎grzebać → ‎pogrzebać
  3. after-
    po- + ‎świat → ‎poświata
  4. unto-, at-, along-, as in place names
    po- + ‎morze → ‎Pomorze
    po- + ‎dół → ‎Podole
    po- + ‎granica → ‎pogranicze
    po- + ‎jezioro → ‎pojezierze

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • po- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • po- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *po-, from *po, whence also comes the Serbo-Croatian preposition po.

Prefix[edit]

po- (Cyrillic spelling по-)

  1. marks the perfective aspect
  2. after, on, a-

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *po-. Prefixed form of the preposition po.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

po-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      po- + ‎jẹ́sti (to eat) → ‎pojẹ́sti (to eat)
    2. for a while
      po- + ‎spáti (to sleep) → ‎pospáti (to sleep for a while)
    3. one after another
      po- + ‎gubīti (to lose) → ‎pogubīti (to lose one after another)

Derived terms[edit]