portmanteau

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pɔːtˈmæn.təʊ/
  • (US) enPR: pôrtmă'ntō, pô'rtmăntōʹ, IPA(key): /pɔːɹtˈmæntoʊ/, /ˌpɔːɹtmænˈtoʊ/
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Etymology 1[edit]

French portemanteau (coat stand), from porte (carry) + manteau (coat).

Noun[edit]

portmanteau (plural portmanteaus or portmanteaux)

  1. A large travelling case usually made of leather, and opening into two equal sections.
    • 1667, Charles Croke, Fortune's Uncertainty:
      Rodolphus therefore finding such an earnest Invitation, embrac'd it with thanks, and with his Servant and Portmanteau, went to Don Juan's; where they first found good Stabling for their Horses, and afterwards as good Provision for themselves.
    • 1859, Charles Dickens, “The Mortals in the House”, in The Haunted House:
      He brought down with him to our haunted house a little cask of salt beef; for, he is always convinced that all salt beef not of his own pickling, is mere carrion, and invariably, when he goes to London, packs a piece in his portmanteau.
  2. (Australia, dated) A schoolbag.
  3. (archaic) A hook on which to hang clothing.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First used by Lewis Carroll in Through The Looking Glass to describe the words he coined in Jabberwocky.

Adjective[edit]

portmanteau (not comparable)

  1. (attributive, linguistics) Made by combining two (or more) words, stories, etc., in the manner of a linguistic portmanteau.
    • 2002 December 14, Nicholas Lezard, “Spooky tales by the master and friends”, in The Guardian (London), page 30:
      The overall narrator of this portmanteau story - for Dickens co-wrote it with five collaborators on his weekly periodical, All the Year Round - expresses deep, rational scepticism about the whole business of haunting.
    • 2002 December 11, Nick Bradshaw, “One day in September”, in Time Out, page 71:
      We're so bombarded with images, it's a struggle to preserve our imaginations.' In response, he's turned to cinema, commissioning 11 film-makers to contribute to a portmanteau film, entitled '11'09"01' and composed of short films each running 11 minutes, nine seconds and one frame.

Noun[edit]

portmanteau (plural portmanteaus or portmanteaux)

  1. (linguistics) A portmanteau word.
    • 1872, Lewis Carroll, “Chapter VI. Humpty Dumpty”, in Through The Looking Glass:
      Well, “slithy” means “lithe and slimy.” “Lithe” is the same as “active”. You see it’s like a portmanteau–there are two meanings packed up into one word.
    • 1938, Joane Chaffe Miller, Conversion and Fusion in Modern English: A Concise History of the Scholarly Recognition of These Linguistic Processes[1]:
      He found the blend "tomax" in "a collection of gratulatory verses presented by the President and Fellows of Harvard College 1 to the new King, George III," dated 1761. A note by the owner of the volume explains the word as a combination of tomahawk and axe: "It is a portmanteau word, which must have been as clear to the average reader in England of 1761 — as clear to George III himself - as brillig and slithy would have been to us, had not Humpty Dumpty kindly explained them."
    • 1985, Carlos Piera of Cornell University, “On the Representation of Higher Order Complex Words”, in Selected Papers from the XIIIth Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, Chapel Hill, N.C., 24-26 March 1983[2], page 287:
      1. Portmanteau Words and Allomorphy - This paper is primarily concerned with the theoretical implications of what have been called portmanteau words (Hockett, 1947)
    Synonyms: blend, frankenword, portmanteau word
  2. A portmanteau film.
    • 2021 July 12, Nicholas Barber, “The French Dispatch: Four stars for Wes Anderson's latest”, in BBC[3]:
      His long-awaited portmanteau, which premiered in Cannes on Monday, is the most Anderson of all Anderson films. It's Anderson distilled, Anderson squared, Anderson to the nth degree.
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

portmanteau (third-person singular simple present portmanteaus, present participle portmanteauing, simple past and past participle portmanteaued)

  1. To make a portmanteau word.

See also[edit]