reseda

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See also: Reseda and réséda

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The flowers of a reseda or mignonette (Reseda odorata; sense 2)

From French réséda, from Latin resēda, said by Pliny the Elder (23–79 C.E.) to be from resēdāre (to soothe), from re- (prefix meaning ‘again’) + sēdare (from sēdō (to assuage, calm)), an allusion to the healing properties of the plant.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

reseda (plural resedas)

  1. (botany) Any of various plants of the genus Reseda having small, pale grayish green flowers, such as dyer's rocket (Reseda luteola) and mignonette (Reseda odorata).
    • [1640, John Rider, Francis Holy-Oke [i.e., Francis Holyoake], “Reseda”, in Riders Dictionarie, Corrected and Augmented with the Addition of Many Hundred Words Both out of the Law, and out of the Latine, French, and Other Languages, such as Were and Are with Us in Common Use, but Never Printed till Now, to the Perfecting of the Worke. [...], London: Imprinted by Felix Kingston for Iohn Waterson, →OCLC:
      Reſeda [] An herbe that hath a ſtalke like knots and joynts, a leafe like a nettle, and white in the middle.]
    • 1850 September, “Flora Historica” [pseudonym], “MIGNONETTE.—RESEDA ODORATA.”, in Joseph Harrison, editor, The Floricultural Cabinet, and Florists’ Magazine, volume XVIII, number 45 (New Series), London: Whittaker and Co., Ave Maria Lane, →OCLC, page 223:
      This genus of plants, of which we have twelve species, was named Reseda by the ancients, from resedare to assuage, because some of the species were esteemed good for mitigating pains; and we learn from Pliny, that the Reseda was considered to possess even the power of charming away many disorders. He tells us [] that when it was used to resolve swellings, or to assuage inflammations, it was the custom to repeat the following words, thrice spitting on the ground at each repetition:— / "Reseda, cause these maladies to cease: knowest thou, knowest thou, who hath driven these pullets here? Let the roots have neither head nor foot."
    • 1877, “Blanche”, “[Notes and Queries.] Fertilization of Flowers.”, in J[ohn] E[llor] Taylor, editor, Hardwicke’s Science-Gossip: An Illustrated Medium of Interchange and Gossip for Students and Lovers of Nature, volume XIII, London: Hardwicke & Bogue, 192, Piccadilly, →OCLC, page 21:
      A little work on bees which I read some time ago, states that bees collect pollen only on flowers of the same species, in order not to mix the pollen of different flowers together, and I have several times observed this statement as perfectly true during the time when resedas, roses, and geraniums adorned a bed close to a bee-hive. The same bee or humble-bee which had been on a reseda would only visit resedas, another only geraniums, &c.
  2. (botany, horticulture, specifically) Mignonette (Reseda odorata).
    • 1757, Philip Miller, “May”, in The Gardeners Kalendar; Directing what Works are Necessary to be Done Every Month in the Kitchen, Fruit, and Pleasure-Gardens, as also in the Conservatory and Nursery. With Accounts I. Of the Particular Seasons for the Propagation of All Sorts of Esculent Plants and Fruits, with the Seasons wherein Each Sort is Proper for the Table. II. Of All Sorts of Trees, Plants, and Flowers, with the Time of Their Flowering in Each Month, 11th edition, London: Printed by Charles Rivington, for John Rivington, at the Bible and Crown, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; and James Rivington and James Fletcher, at the Oxford-Theatre, in Pater-noster Row, →OCLC, page 146:
      About the middle of this month, if the ſeaſon proves favourable, you may plant out your hardy annuals, ſuch as Marvel of Peru, Sweet Sultan, China After or Starwort, Sweet Reſeda called Mignonette d'Egypt, French and African Marigolds, Female Balſamine, Capſicum, Brown Jolly, and ſeveral other ſorts, which, if artfully diſpoſed, will afford an agreeable pleaſure, after the beauty of ſpring is paſt; []
    • [2003], H. Panda, “Raw Materials: Products of Natural Origin”, in The Complete Technology Book on Herbal Perfumes & Cosmetics, New Delhi: Ajay Kr. Gupta, National Institute of Industrial Research, →ISBN, page 92:
      Reseda or mignonette is grown in the Grasse region [of France]. The tendency for green notes in recent years has given fresh interest to the reseda note. Absolute oil of reseda has an odour recalling that of violet leaves, but with a rather fine 'powdery' background and a suggestion of rose and a little basil.
  3. A pale greyish-green colour like the flowers of a reseda plant; mignonette.
    reseda:  
    • 1873 September 26, “[Supplement to the Chemical News. Chemical Notices from Foreign Sources. Reimann’s Färber Zeitung.] No. 31, 1873”, in William Crookes, editor, The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science. (With which is Incorporated the “Chemical Gazette.”) A Journal of Practical Chemistry in All Its Applications to Pharmacy, Arts, and Manufactures, volume XXVIII, number 722, London: Henry Gillman, Boy Court, Ludgate Hill, E.C., →OCLC, page 172, column 1:
      This number contains a lis of the manufacturers of tinctorial chemicals to whom prizes have been awarded at the Vienna Exhibition. We find no English name in the catalogue. There are receipts for dyeing wool a bright green; for a finish for pack-thread; for a reseda on genappe; a brown on silk; a printing black on cotton yarn; a blue-black on old cotton, velvets, and velveteens; a chamois and rose on old goods with cotton warps, saffranin on a sumach mordant being recommended for the latter; a black on mixed woollen and silk; a dark green on wool; a cheap violet on woollen piece-goods.

Hyponyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

reseda (not comparable)

  1. Having a pale greyish-green colour like the flowers of a reseda plant; mignonette.
    • 1876 September, M. Hommey, “6. Experiments upon the Uses of Aniline Black, by Vanadium, in Dyeing Woollen and Mixed Tissues”, in Charles O'Neill, editor, The Textile Colourist: A Monthly Journal of Bleaching, Printing, Dyeing, and Finishing Textile Fabrics, and the Manufacture and Application of Colouring Matters, volume II, number 9, Manchester: Palmer and Howe, 1, 3, & 5, Bond Street; London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co.; Glasgow: Porteus Bros.; Bradford: Thomas Brear; New York, N.Y.: John Wiley and Son, →OCLC, page 150:
      By mixing a weaker bath than the one indicated the cotton dyes up a dark green, and the wool acquires a dull and weak reseda shade.
    • 1877 March 28, “The Boudoir. Spring Novelties.”, in The Bazaar, the Exchange and Mart, and Journal of the Household, volume XVI, London: [s.n.] 32, Wellington-Street, Strand, W.C., →OCLC, pages 198–199:
      Sateens a 1s. 4½d., 32in. wide, will be very useful, and always look nice, whether as whole or part dresses. There is one of French grey that has a most satin like surface, and another of reseda shade, which is again likely to have a run as a fashionable colour.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin resēda. Attested since 1544.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

reseda f (plural reseda's, diminutive resedaatje n)

  1. A reseda, a plant of the family Resedaceae, particularly those of the genus Reseda

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From translingual Reseda.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈresedɑ/, [ˈre̞s̠e̞dɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -esedɑ
  • Syllabification(key): re‧se‧da

Noun[edit]

reseda

  1. reseda (plant of the genus Reseda)
  2. (in the plural) the genus Reseda.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of reseda (Kotus type 13/katiska, no gradation)
nominative reseda resedat
genitive resedan resedoiden
resedoitten
resedojen
partitive resedaa resedoita
resedoja
illative resedaan resedoihin
singular plural
nominative reseda resedat
accusative nom. reseda resedat
gen. resedan
genitive resedan resedoiden
resedoitten
resedojen
resedainrare
partitive resedaa resedoita
resedoja
inessive resedassa resedoissa
elative resedasta resedoista
illative resedaan resedoihin
adessive resedalla resedoilla
ablative resedalta resedoilta
allative resedalle resedoille
essive resedana resedoina
translative resedaksi resedoiksi
abessive resedatta resedoitta
instructive resedoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of reseda (Kotus type 13/katiska, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative resedani resedani
accusative nom. resedani resedani
gen. resedani
genitive resedani resedoideni
resedoitteni
resedojeni
resedainirare
partitive resedaani resedoitani
resedojani
inessive resedassani resedoissani
elative resedastani resedoistani
illative resedaani resedoihini
adessive resedallani resedoillani
ablative resedaltani resedoiltani
allative resedalleni resedoilleni
essive resedanani resedoinani
translative resedakseni resedoikseni
abessive resedattani resedoittani
instructive
comitative resedoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative resedasi resedasi
accusative nom. resedasi resedasi
gen. resedasi
genitive resedasi resedoidesi
resedoittesi
resedojesi
resedaisirare
partitive resedaasi resedoitasi
resedojasi
inessive resedassasi resedoissasi
elative resedastasi resedoistasi
illative resedaasi resedoihisi
adessive resedallasi resedoillasi
ablative resedaltasi resedoiltasi
allative resedallesi resedoillesi
essive resedanasi resedoinasi
translative resedaksesi resedoiksesi
abessive resedattasi resedoittasi
instructive
comitative resedoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative resedamme resedamme
accusative nom. resedamme resedamme
gen. resedamme
genitive resedamme resedoidemme
resedoittemme
resedojemme
resedaimmerare
partitive resedaamme resedoitamme
resedojamme
inessive resedassamme resedoissamme
elative resedastamme resedoistamme
illative resedaamme resedoihimme
adessive resedallamme resedoillamme
ablative resedaltamme resedoiltamme
allative resedallemme resedoillemme
essive resedanamme resedoinamme
translative resedaksemme resedoiksemme
abessive resedattamme resedoittamme
instructive
comitative resedoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative resedanne resedanne
accusative nom. resedanne resedanne
gen. resedanne
genitive resedanne resedoidenne
resedoittenne
resedojenne
resedainnerare
partitive resedaanne resedoitanne
resedojanne
inessive resedassanne resedoissanne
elative resedastanne resedoistanne
illative resedaanne resedoihinne
adessive resedallanne resedoillanne
ablative resedaltanne resedoiltanne
allative resedallenne resedoillenne
essive resedananne resedoinanne
translative resedaksenne resedoiksenne
abessive resedattanne resedoittanne
instructive
comitative resedoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative resedansa resedansa
accusative nom. resedansa resedansa
gen. resedansa
genitive resedansa resedoidensa
resedoittensa
resedojensa
resedainsarare
partitive resedaansa resedoitaan
resedojaan
resedoitansa
resedojansa
inessive resedassaan
resedassansa
resedoissaan
resedoissansa
elative resedastaan
resedastansa
resedoistaan
resedoistansa
illative resedaansa resedoihinsa
adessive resedallaan
resedallansa
resedoillaan
resedoillansa
ablative resedaltaan
resedaltansa
resedoiltaan
resedoiltansa
allative resedalleen
resedallensa
resedoilleen
resedoillensa
essive resedanaan
resedanansa
resedoinaan
resedoinansa
translative resedakseen
resedaksensa
resedoikseen
resedoiksensa
abessive resedattaan
resedattansa
resedoittaan
resedoittansa
instructive
comitative resedoineen
resedoinensa

Further reading[edit]

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reˈzɛ.da/
  • Rhymes: -ɛda
  • Hyphenation: re‧sè‧da

Noun[edit]

reseda

  1. reseda

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Pliny, from resēdō (I soothe).

Noun[edit]

resēda f (genitive resēdae); first declension

  1. mignonette

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative resēda resēdae
Genitive resēdae resēdārum
Dative resēdae resēdīs
Accusative resēdam resēdās
Ablative resēdā resēdīs
Vocative resēda resēdae

References[edit]

  • reseda”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • reseda in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette