respondeo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From re- +‎ spondeō(I promise).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

respondeō ‎(present infinitive respondēre, perfect active respondī, supine respōnsum); second conjugation, impersonal in the passive

  1. I reply, answer, respond
  2. (figuratively) I measure up
  3. I am present, I appear, attend
  4. I meet or answer (a charge)
  5. (of a sound) I re-echo, resound
  6. I meet, agree, accord or correspond with, conform to, answer for
  7. I make a return, yield

Inflection[edit]

  • The passive voice is limited to third-person singular forms.
   Conjugation of respondeo (second conjugation, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present respondeō respondēs respondet respondēmus respondētis respondent
imperfect respondēbam respondēbās respondēbat respondēbāmus respondēbātis respondēbant
future respondēbō respondēbis respondēbit respondēbimus respondēbitis respondēbunt
perfect respondī respondistī respondit respondimus respondistis respondērunt, respondēre
pluperfect responderam responderās responderat responderāmus responderātis responderant
future perfect responderō responderis responderit responderimus responderitis responderint
passive present respondētur
imperfect respondēbātur
future respondēbitur
perfect respōnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect respōnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect respōnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present respondeam respondeās respondeat respondeāmus respondeātis respondeant
imperfect respondērem respondērēs respondēret respondērēmus respondērētis respondērent
perfect responderim responderīs responderit responderīmus responderītis responderint
pluperfect respondissem respondissēs respondisset respondissēmus respondissētis respondissent
passive present respondeātur
imperfect respondērētur
perfect respōnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect respōnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present respondē respondēte
future respondētō respondētō respondētōte respondentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives respondēre respondisse respōnsūrus esse respondērī respōnsus esse
participles respondēns respōnsūrus respōnsus respondendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
respondēre respondendī respondendō respondendum respōnsum respōnsū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • respondeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • respondeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.respondeo”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the rocks re-echo: saxa voci respondent or resonant
    • to return like for like: paria paribus respondere
    • the circumstances are described in language worthy of them: rebus verba respondent
    • to answer questions: ad interrogata respondere
    • to answer to this effect: respondere in hanc sententiam
    • to respond to expectations: exspectationi satisfacere, respondere
    • (ambiguous) to give an oracular response: responsum dare (vid. sect. VIII. 5, note Note to answer...), respondere
    • to fail to answer one's name: ad nomen non respondere (Liv. 7. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to extract an answer from some one: responsum ab aliquo ferre, auferre
    • (ambiguous) to give an oracular response: responsum dare (vid. sect. VIII. 5, note Note to answer...), respondere

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

respondeo

  1. Obsolete spelling of respondeu