slēpt

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See also: slept

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *šlep-, *šlēp- (whence both slēpt and its dialectal variant slept), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlep-, *ḱlēp-, a variant of *klep- (related to the stem *gleb(ʰ)- (to cover, to squeeze), whence Latvian glābt, q.v.).The original meaning was “to cover (with one's hands),” from which “to not let others see (by covering with one's hands)” > “to hide.” Cognates include Lithuanian slė̃pti; from the parallel stem *klep-, also Old Prussian auklipts (hidden), Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌹𐍆𐌰𐌽 (hlifan, to steal), Ancient Greek κλέπτω (kléptō, to steal) (< *klépyō-), Latin clepō (to steal, to listen secretly).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

slēpt tr., 1st conj., pres. slēpju, slēp, slēpj, past slēpu

  1. to hide, to conceal (to put away (something, someone) so that others cannot see or find it, or to protect it from something)
    slēpt personiskās vēstulesto hide personal letters, documents
    slēpt dokumentusto hide documents
    slēpt grāmatu aiz mugurasto hide the book behind (one's) back
    slēpt seju aiz plīvurato hide (one's) face behind a veil
    slēpt acis no saules stariemto hide (one's) eyes from the sunrays
    vāvere savas pārtikas rezerves gatavo no zīlēm, riekstiem un čiekuriem, slēpjot tos zem koku saknēm, dobumos un sūnāsthe squirrel makes its food reserves with acorns, nuts and pine cones, (by) hiding them under tree roots and in holes and moss
    viņa slēpa galvu spilvenosshe hid (her) face in the pillows
    viss ciems bija pārliecināts, ka Loginovs slēpj dēluthe whole village was convinced that Loginovs was hiding a son
  2. to hide, to conceal (to deliberately not reveal facts, activities, etc.)
    slēpt patiesībuto hide the truth
    slēpt svarīgu informācijuto hide important information
    slēpt savu rīcībuto hide, conceal one's actions
    kapteinis ir viltīgs, ar nolūku slēpis no manis īstās briesmasthe captain is cunning, he intentionally hid the real dangers from me
    viņš jautāja par manu pagātni; neko neslēpdams, izstāstījuhe asked about my past; not hiding anything, I told (everything)
  3. to hide, to conceal (to behave, to be made in such a way that one's feelings, thoughts, intentions etc. are not visible)
    slēpt bailes, dusmasto hide (one's) fear, anger
    slēpt pārdzīvojumuto hide experience(s)
    slēpt savu būtībuto hide one's essence
    viņa bija atklāta un neslēpa aizdomasshe was open and didn't hide (any) suspicion
    teātris drīkst akcentēt, atklāt jaunā gaismā tikai to, kas slēpts pašā darbāthe theater may stress, reveal (under) a new light only that which is (already) hidden in the work itself
  4. (figuratively) to hide, to contain (something unknown, unsuspected)
    zeme savos dziļumos slēpj Baltijas bagātību: četras piektdaļas no visas pasaules dzintara krājumiemthe earth hid in its depth the Baltic riches: four fifths of the world's amber deposits

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “slēpt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7