sterben

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See also: Sterben

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German sterben, from Old High German sterban, from Proto-Germanic *sterbaną, itself either from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terp- (to lose force; lose sensibility, become numb; be dead, be motionless) or from Proto-Indo-European *sterbʰ- (to be stiff, become stiff). Cognate with Low German starven, staarven, Dutch sterven, West Frisian stjerre, English starve.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃtɛʁbən/, [ˈʃtɛʁbən], [ˈʃtɛɐ̯bən], [ˈʃtɛʁbm̩], [ˈʃtɛɐ̯bm̩]
  • Hyphenation: ster‧ben
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

sterben (class 3 strong, third-person singular present stirbt, past tense starb, past participle gestorben, past subjunctive stürbe, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to die
    Mein Hund ist gestorben.My dog has died.
  2. (transitive, with accusative or genitive) to die of a (particular kind of) death
    Das Opfer ist eines schrecklichen Todes gestorben.The victim died a terrible death.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sterben” in Duden online
  • sterben” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache