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See also: surchargé
surcharge (plural surcharges)
- An addition of extra charge on the agreed or stated price.
- Our airline tickets cost twenty dollars more than we expected because we had to pay a fuel surcharge.
- The part of the price of a subsidized good or service that is not covered by the subsidy and so must be paid by the consumer.
- An excessive price charged e.g. to an unsuspecting customer.
- (philately) An overprint on a stamp that alters (usually raises) the original nominal value of the stamp; used especially in times of hyperinflation.
- (art) A painting in lighter enamel over a darker one that serves as the ground.
- (law) A charge that has been omitted from an account as payment of a credit to the charged party
- (law) A penalty for failure to exercise common prudence and skill in the performance of a fiduciary's duties.
- (obsolete) An excessive load or burden.
- (law, obsolete) The putting, by a commoner, of more animals on the common than he is entitled to.
addition of extra charge
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- To apply a surcharge.
- To overload; to overburden.
- to surcharge an animal or a ship; to surcharge a cannon
- 1943 March and April, “A British Avalanche Shelter”, in Railway Magazine, page 80:
- The first, on January 1, 1883, was attributed to the overlay becoming surcharged with water, due to insufficient drainage, and causing a slip.
- (law) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into (e.g. a common) than one has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain.
- 1768, William Blackstone, “Of Disturbance”, in Commentaries on the Laws of England, book III (Of Private Wrongs), Oxford, Oxfordshire: […] Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 237:
- Another diſturbance of common is by ſurcharging it; or putting more cattle therein than the paſture and herbage will ſuſtain, or the party hath a right to do.
- To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
- 1599, Samuel Daniel, Musophilus:
- The Idle multitude surcharge their laies
to apply a surcharge
- ^ 1859, Alexander Mansfield, Law Dictionary
- “surcharge”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
surcharge f (plural surcharges)
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
- inflection of :