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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 104 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大人大口 (KOKR), four-corner 00160, composition)

  1. foolish, stupid, dumb, silly

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 774, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1185, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2681, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+75F4

Cantonese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping ci1, Yale chi1)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. stupid
  2. foolish

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おこ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/woko//oko/

From Old Japanese.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , -na inflection, hiragana おこ, romaji oko, historical hiragana をこ)

  1. foolish, absurd
  2. indecent, indelicate
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Historical sources[1][2] show that this term is more often used as an attributive noun, followed by possessive particle (no) when used to modify another noun.

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana おこ, romaji oko, historical hiragana をこ)

  1. foolishness, stupidity
  2. indecency, indelicateness

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うこ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/woko//uko/

Sound shift from Old Japanese woko.[1] Obsolete.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , -na inflection, hiragana うこ, romaji uko)

  1. (obsolete) foolish, absurd
  2. (obsolete) indecent, indelicate
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana うこ, romaji uko)

  1. foolishness, stupidity
  2. indecency, indelicateness

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しれ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 痴れる (shireru, to become dimwitted, to become stupid).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana しれ, romaji shire)

  1. foolishness, stupidity

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (tjiə). Compare modern Mandarin simplified and traditional (chī).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. foolishness, stupidity
  2. (Buddhism) ignorance, one of the three roots of the vice dharmas

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin chī (chi1), Wade-Giles ch'ih1)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]