Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 131 +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸中水 (SLE), composition)

  1. control

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 999, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30070
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1450, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2802, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81E4

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (臤), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰan/ /kʰɑn/ /kʰɑn/
Character (臤), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦閑切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɣɛn/ /kʰăn/ /kʰɛn/ /kʰɯæn/ /kʰəɨn/ /kʰæn/ /kʰæn/
Character (臤), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡田切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦen/ /ɣien/ /ɣen/ /ɦen/ /ɦɛn/ /ɣien/ /ɣɛn/
Character (臤), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 去刃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɪnH/ /kʰi̯ĕnH/ /kʰiĕnH/ /kʰinH/ /kʰinH/ /kʰĭĕnH/ /kʰjenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1324 1 /*kʰaːn/
1326 1 /*kʰriːn/
1338 1 /*ɡiːn/ 賢古文
1348 1 /*kʰins/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. hard
  2. wise

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. wise
  2. hard