食物

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("to eat") +  ("matter, substance").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (食物, reconstructed)
Character (食), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 船 (27)
Final: 職
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 乗力切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑɨk̚/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ək̚/ /d͡ʑiək̚/ /ʑɨk̚/ /ʑik̚/ /d͡ʑĭək̚/ /ʑiek̚/
Character (物), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 物
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 文弗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨut̚/ /mi̯uət̚/ /miuət̚/ /miut̚/ /mut̚/ /mĭuət̚/ /miuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (食物, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ zyik › /*məә-ləәk/ eat
‹ mjut › /*C.mut/ thing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11477 0 /*ɦljɯɡ/
13218 1 /*mɯd/

Noun[edit]

食物

  1. food

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (食物):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 3

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic 食物. Possible alteration from strict goon reading jikimotsu, changing goon jiki for kan'on butsu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana しょくもつ, romaji shokumotsu)

  1. Food, foodstuff.
  2. Broadly, food and drink.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Chinese 食物. Possible original reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana じきもつ, romaji jikimotsu)

  1. (rare) Food, foodstuff.
Usage notes[edit]

The shokumotsu reading is more common.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Chinese 食物. Possible reborrowing, or change influenced by later contact with China after borrowing of earlier goon reading jikimotsu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana しょくぶつ, romaji shokubutsu)

  1. (rare) Food, foodstuff.
Usage notes[edit]

The shokumotsu reading is more common.

Etymology 4[edit]

Compound of 食べ (tabe, stem noun form of verb 食べる (taberu, to eat): eating) +‎ (mono, thing).

For disambiguation, this is more commonly written with the okurigana べ in the middle as 食べ物.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana たべもの, romaji tabemono)

  1. 食べ物: Food in general; a specific food; one's diet. See 食べ物 for more detail.

Etymology 5[edit]

Compound of 食い (kui, stem noun form of informal verb 食う (kuu, to eat): eating) +‎ (mono, thing).

For disambiguation, this is more commonly written with the okurigana い in the middle as 食い物.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana くいもの, romaji kuimono)

  1. 食い物: Food; a sexual partner; a patsy, someone tricked into being used for someone else's gain. See 食い物 for more detail.

Verb[edit]

食物 + する (hiragana くいものする, romaji kuimono suru)

  1. 食い物: To cook, to prepare food. See 食い物 for more detail.

Etymology 6[edit]

Compound of 食らい (kurai, stem noun form of informal verb 食らう (kurau, to eat, to drink): eating, drinking) +‎ (mono, thing).

For disambiguation, this is more commonly written with the okurigana らい in the middle as 食らい物.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana くらいもの, romaji kuraimono)

  1. 食らい物: Food and beverage.

Etymology 7[edit]

Compound of 食み (hami, stem noun form of verb 食む (hamu, to eat; to suck down; to incur a loss): eating) +‎ (mono, thing).

For disambiguation, this is written with the okurigana み in the middle as 食み物.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana はみもの, romaji hamimono)

  1. 食み物: Food. More specifically, fodder or feed for animals.

Etymology 8[edit]

Compound of 食し (oshi, stem noun form of honorific verb 食す (osu, to eat, to drink): eating, drinking) +‎ (mono, thing).

For disambiguation, this is written with the okurigana し in the middle as 食し物.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

食物 (hiragana おしもの, romaji oshimono)

  1. 食し物: (rare) Food and beverage.