User:DanPMK

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Asian cardinal directions[edit]

Japanese kun pronunciations are excluded. I expect there to be errors here, you should as well.

  North
South
East
West
西
Latin IPA Latin IPA Latin IPA Latin IPA
Cantonese baak, bak1 paːk, pak naam4 naːm 东 dung1 tʊŋ sai1 saːi
Japanese ほく hoku, はい hai hoku͍, hai な(ん) na(n), だん dan na, nan, dan とう tō too せい sei, さい sai sei, sai
Korean 북 buk, 배 bae puk̚, pɛ 남 nam nam 동 dong toŋ 서 seo
Mandarin běi, bèi pei̯ nā, nán na, nan 东 dōng toŋ xī, yāo, yǎo ɕi, jao
Min Nan pōe, pak, pok ? lâm lam ? ? sai, se, si ?
Vietnamese bắc, bác, bấc, bậc, bước pɐk, paːk, pək, pɨok nam naːm đông, đang ɗoŋ, ɗaːŋ tây, tê sɐi
PATTERN [p → h] [a → ai/ɐ/ə/e/ɨo/u → o] [k → k̚ → ∅] [n → l] [aː → a] [m → n → ∅] [t → ɗ] [o → oo/ʊ/aː] [ŋ → ∅] [s → ɕ → j] [aː → a/ao/ɐ/e/ʌ → ∅] [i → ∅]

English verb origins[edit]

Latin English French abs-
(away)
con-
(together)
de- / dis-
(apart)
enter- / inter-
(between)
in-
(in, on)
manus
(hand)
ob-
(over)
per-
(through)
re-
(again)
sub-
(under)
Also... ad-
capiō take / seize? conceive deceive? perceive? receive
nūntiō declare / announce
declaration, announcement
*
parō provide, make ready
provisions
  compare despair?*   impair?       prepare repair  
pōnō put / place
position, purpose
pondre   compose depose interpose impose   oppose propose repose suppose
sentiō feel / sense
sense, sentiment
sentir consent dissent   incense?       resent    
struō build / prepare
structure
construire   construct
construction
destroy
destruction
  instruct?
instruction
  obstruct
obstruction
  restructure
reconstruction

substructure
teneō have / hold
tenet
tenir abstain
abstention
contain
containment
detain
detention
entertain
entertainment
  maintain
maintenance
obtain pertain
pertinence
retain
retention
sustain
sustenance
appertain
veniō come
venue, avenue
venir   convene
convention
  intervene
intervention
invent
invention
         
vertō turn, change
version
avert
aversion
averse
convert
conversion
converse
divert
diversion
diverse
invert
inversion
inverse
 
 
obverse
pervert?
perversion
perverse
revert
reversion
reverse
subvert
subversion
 
advert
adversion
adverse
evert
eversion
 
culvert?
  • *de + sperare - no hope
  • intravert, extravert
  • manufact? factory?
  • universe, multiverse, converse as a verb
  • flect
  • overt, covert
  • complete, repeat, replete?
  • announce: renounce, pronounce, denounce. Trounce? :P
x this that yon what
x time now then  ? when
x place here there (be)yond where
to(ward) x [place] hither(ward) thither(ward) yonder(ward) whither(ward)
from x hence thence yence? whence
because of x herefore therefore  ? wherefore -> why

whereas etc. henceforth heretofore forthwith posthaste