hag

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See also: håg, hág, Hag, and Hag.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English hagge, hegge 'demon, old woman', shortening of Old English hægtesse, hægtes (harpy, witch), from Proto-Germanic *hagatusjōn (compare Saterland Frisian Häkse (witch), Dutch heks, German Hexe (witch)), compounds of (1) *hagaz 'able, skilled' (compare Old Norse hagr (handy, skillful), Middle High German behac (pleasurable)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱak- (compare Sanskrit [script?] (śaknóti, he can)[Devanagari?]),[1] and (2) *tusjōn 'witch' (compare dialectal Norwegian tysja (fairy, she-elf)).[2]

Noun[edit]

hag (plural hags)

  1. A witch, sorceress, or enchantress; a wizard.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Golding
      [Silenus] that old hag.
  2. (pejorative) An ugly old woman.
  3. A fury; a she-monster.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Crashaw to this entry?)
  4. A hagfish; an eel-like marine marsipobranch, Myxine glutinosa, allied to the lamprey, with a suctorial mouth, labial appendages, and a single pair of gill openings.
  5. A hagdon or shearwater.
  6. An appearance of light and fire on a horse's mane or a man's hair.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Blount to this entry?)
  7. The fruit of the hagberry, Prunus padus.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hag (third-person singular simple present hags, present participle hagging, simple past and past participle hagged)

  1. (transitive) To harass; to weary with vexation.
    • L'Estrange
      How are superstitious men hagged out of their wits with the fancy of omens.

Etymology 2[edit]

Scots hag (to cut); compare English hack.

Noun[edit]

hag (plural hags)

  1. A small wood, or part of a wood or copse, which is marked off or enclosed for felling, or which has been felled.
    • Fairfax
      This said, he led me over hoults and hags; / Through thorns and bushes scant my legs I drew.
  2. A quagmire; mossy ground where peat or turf has been cut.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dugdale to this entry?)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2003, Vladimir Orel, entry “*xaʒaz”, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, pages 149-50.
  2. ^ 1987, E. C. Polomé, R. Bergmann (editor), "Althochdeutsch hag(a)zussa 'Hexe': Versuch einer neuen Etymologie", Althochdeutsch 2 (Wörter und Namen. Forschungsgeschichte), pages 1107-1112.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

hag

  1. and

Synonyms[edit]

  • ha - before consonants (or /j/)

Cornish[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

hag

  1. and (before a vowel)
    Yma hwans dhymm a diwes hag avel.
    I want a drink and an apple.

Synonyms[edit]

  • ha - before a consonant.

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

hag

  1. Imperative of hage.