hag

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See also: håg, hág, Hag, and Hag.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English hagge, hegge 'demon, old woman', shortening of Old English hægtesse, hægtes (harpy, witch), from Proto-Germanic *hagatusjǭ (compare Saterland Frisian Häkse (witch), Dutch heks, German Hexe (witch)), compounds of (1) *hagaz 'able, skilled' (compare Old Norse hagr (handy, skillful), Middle High German behac (pleasurable)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱak- (compare Sanskrit शक्नोमि (śaknóti, he can)),[1] and (2) *tusjǭ 'witch' (compare dialectal Norwegian tysja (fairy, she-elf)).[2]

Noun[edit]

hag (plural hags)

  1. A witch, sorceress, or enchantress; a wizard.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Golding
      [Silenus] that old hag.
  2. (pejorative) An ugly old woman.
  3. A fury; a she-monster.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Crashaw to this entry?)
  4. A hagfish; an eel-like marine marsipobranch, Myxine glutinosa, allied to the lamprey, with a suctorial mouth, labial appendages, and a single pair of gill openings.
  5. A hagdon or shearwater.
  6. An appearance of light and fire on a horse's mane or a man's hair.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Blount to this entry?)
  7. The fruit of the hagberry, Prunus padus.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Scots hag (to cut), from Old Norse hǫgg ‘cut, gap, breach’, derivative of hǫggva ‘to hack, hew’; compare English hew.

Noun[edit]

hag (plural hags)

  1. A small wood, or part of a wood or copse, which is marked off or enclosed for felling, or which has been felled.
    • Fairfax
      This said, he led me over hoults and hags; / Through thorns and bushes scant my legs I drew.
  2. A quagmire; mossy ground where peat or turf has been cut.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dugdale to this entry?)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hag(g)ōnan (compare obsolete Dutch hagen ‘to torment, agonize’, Norwegian haga ‘to tire, weaken’).[3]

Verb[edit]

hag (third-person singular simple present hags, present participle hagging, simple past and past participle hagged)

  1. (transitive) To harass; to weary with vexation.
    • L'Estrange
      How are superstitious men hagged out of their wits with the fancy of omens.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vladimir Orel, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, s.v. “*xaʒaz” (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 149-50.
  2. ^ E. C. Polomé, “Althochdeutsch hag(a)zussa ‘Hexe’: Versuch einer neuen Etymologie”, in: R. Bergmann, ed., Althochdeutsch 2 (Wörter und Namen. Forschungsgeschichte) (1987), 1107-12.
  3. ^ Guus Kroonen, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, s.v. “*hagla-” (Leiden: Brill, 2013), 199.

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

hag

  1. and

Synonyms[edit]

  • ha - before consonants (or /j/)

Cornish[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

hag

  1. and (before a vowel)
    Yma hwans dhymm a diwes hag avel.
    I want a drink and an apple.

Synonyms[edit]

  • ha - before a consonant.

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

hag

  1. imperative of hage