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See also: sut, SUT, süt, and sût



From Proto-Baltic *syū-t(e)i, from Proto-Indo-European *syū-, *syu- (< *syuh₁-) “to bind, to tie,” whence also Latvian siet ‎(to bind). A historical connection between the meanings “to tie, to bind” and “to sew” is also found elsewhere (cf. Sanskrit सीव्यति ‎(sī́vyati, to sew), which has an older meaning “link, bond.”) Cognates include Lithuanian siū́ti, Old Prussian schuwikis ‎(cobbler, lit. shoe-sewer), Old Church Slavonic шити ‎(šiti), Russian шить ‎(šit’), Belarusian шыць ‎(šyc’), Ukrainian шити ‎(šýty), Bulgarian шия ‎(šija), Czech šíti, Polish szyć, Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌿𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(siujan), Old Norse sýja, Old High German siuwan, Sanskrit स्यूतः ‎(syūtaḥ), Latin suō.[1]


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šūt tr., 1st conj., pres. šuju, šuj, šuj, past šuvu

  1. to sew (to join pieces of fabric together by passing thread repeatedly on them with the help of a needle)
    šūt audekla gabalus — to sew pieces of fabric
    šūt uzvalku, kažoku — to sew a suit, a coat
    šūt zābakus — to sew boots
    šūt pārvalku — to sew a hood
    šūt piedurkni — to sew a sleeve
    šūt vīli — to sew the seam
    šūt ar adatu — to sew with a needle
    šūt ar (šuj)mašīnu — to sew with a (sewing) machine
    viņa bija kailu galvu, moderni šūtā mētelī — she was in a modern(ly) sewn coat without a hood
    māte to šuva atkal un atkal, un tā ira atkal un atkal — mother sewed it (= coat) again and again, and it unraveled again and again
  2. (medicine) to sew (to close (e.g., a wound) or to link organs, tissues, etc., with a special threadlike material)
    mūsu mikroķirurģijas centros gandrīz vai ik dienas veic vairāk vai mazāk sarežģītas operācijas, šuj asinsvadus un nervus — almost every day, in our microsurgery centers, more or less complicated operations are carried out, blood vessels and nerves are sewn
  3. (metallurgy) to (seam-)weld (to join, e.g. metal sheets, parts, etc., with special techniques that create a connecting edge between the joined elements)
    šūt skārda loksnes — to weld tin sheets
    Ebars metināja, šuva garu šuvi... šodien vajadzētu savienot vismaz sešās vietās šo četrcollīgo cauruli — Ebars was welding, welding a long seam... today it would be necessary to connect this 4-inch pipe in at least six places


Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ “šūt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7