ثمن

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See also: تمن

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek τίμημα (tímēma), from τιμή (timḗ), from τῑ́ω (tī́ō), leveled to the root ث م ن(ṯ-m-n); ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (value, honor). Compare Classical Syriac ܛܝܼܡܵܐ(ṭīmā, price, value) and Jewish Literary Aramaic תמא(tmˀ, duty, tax, fee); for more see τιμή (timí) and τῑμάω (tīmáō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /θa.man/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ثَمَن (ṯamanm (plural أَثْمَان(ʾaṯmān) or أَثْمِنَة(ʾaṯmina) or أَثْمُن(ʾaṯmun))

  1. (countable) a price
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 12:20:
      وَشَرَوْهُ بِثَمَنٍ بَخْسٍ دَرَاهِمَ مَعْدُودَةٍ
      wašarawhu biṯamanin baḵsin darāhima maʿdūdatin
      And they sold him for cheap, [merely] a few pennies.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Swahili: thamani

Etymology 2[edit]

Arabic numbers (edit)
 ←  7 ٨
8
9  → 
    Cardinal: ثَمَانِيَة(ṯamāniya)
    Ordinal: ثَامِن(ṯāmin)
    Multiplier: ثُمَانِيّ(ṯumāniyy), مُثَمَّن(muṯamman)
    Distributive: ثُمَانَ(ṯumāna)
    Fractional: ثُمُن (ṯumun), ثُمْن (ṯumn)

From the root ث م ن(ṯ-m-n); compare ثَمَانِيَة(ṯamāniya, eight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ثُمُن or ثُمْن (ṯumun or ṯumnm (plural أَثْمَان(ʾaṯmān))

  1. (countable) an eighth
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

ثَمُنَ (ṯamuna) I, non-past يَثْمُنُ‎‎ (yaṯmunu)

  1. (intransitive) to be or become valuable; to appreciate
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

ثَمَّنَ (ṯammana) II, non-past يُثَمِّنُ‎‎ (yuṯamminu)

  1. (transitive) to set or fix the price of, to price
    1. (transitive) to try to assess the price or value of, to value; to evaluate; to appreciate
    2. (transitive) to deem valuable, to value, to appreciate
  2. (transitive) to divide into eight parts
Conjugation[edit]
See also[edit]