درس

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See also: د ر س

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root د ر س(d-r-s). According to Geiger meanings of interpreting pettily much, the meaning “deuteln”, specifically in Qurʿān 6:105 and Qurʿān 6:156, are a semantic loan from Hebrew דָּרַשׁ(dāráś).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Verb I: IPA(key): /da.ra.sa/,
    (file)
  • Verb II: IPA(key): /dar.ra.sa/
  • Noun: IPA(key): /dars/

Verb[edit]

دَرَسَ (darasa) I, non-past يَدْرُسُ‎‎ (yadrusu)

  1. to become erased, to become effaced, to become obliterated, to become wipe out, to become hard to see

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دَرَسَ (darasa) I, non-past يَدْرُسُ‎‎ (yadrusu)

  1. to erase, to efface, to obliterate, to wipe out, to make hard to see
  2. to thresh, to flail
    • وَأَمَّا المُصَنَّبُ فَيُؤْخَذُ الصِنَابُ الْحَدِيثُ وَيُجْتَنَبُ الْقَدِيمُ وَيُغْسَلُ حَبُّهُ بِالْمَاءِ الْعَذْبِ وَيُجَفَّفُ ثُمَّ يُدْرَسُ وَيُغَرْبَلُ ثُمَّ يُعْمَدُ إِلَى الْمُصْطَارِ الْحُلْوِ الْغَايَةِ فِي الْحَلَاوَةِ فَيُمْلِئ مِنْهُ خَابِيَةً وَيُقَسَّمُ ذٰلِكَ الصِنَابُ أَقْسَامًا ثَلَاثَةً وَيُجْعَلُ كُلُّ ثُلْثٍ فِي خَرِيطَةٍ وَيُرْبَطُ فِي قَصَبَةٍ مِثْلَ مَا تَقَدَّمَ وَيُذْرَى مِن ذٰلِكَ الصِنَابِ عَلَى وَجْهِ الْمُصْطَارِ فِي أَعْلَا الْخَابِيَةِ حَتَّى يُسْتَرَ وَيَنْعَقِدَ.‎‎
      wa-ʾammā l-muṣannabu fayuʾḵaḏu ṣ-ṣinābu l-ḥadīṯu wa-yujtanabu l-qadīmu wa-yuḡsalu ḥabbu-hū bi-l-māʾi l-ʿaḏbi wa-yujaffafu ṯumma yudrasu wa-yuḡarbalu ṯumma yuʿmadu ʾilā l-muṣṭāri l-ḥulwi l-ḡāyati fī l-ḥalāwati fa-yumliʾ min-hu ḵābiyatan wa-yuqassamu ḏālika ṣ-ṣinābu ʾaqsāman ṯalāṯatan wa-yujʿalu kullu ṯulṯin fī ḵarīṭatin wa-yurbaṭu fī qaṣabatin miṯla mā taqaddama wa-yuḏrā min ḏālika ṣ-ṣinābi ʿalā wajhi l-muṣṭāri fī ʾaʿlā l-ḵābiyati ḥattā yustara wa-yanʿaqida.
      In what concerns the mustard preparation, one takes new mustard, avoiding the old, and cleans its grains with sweet water and dries them, then one threshes and sieves it, thereafter puts it to must of utmost sweetness, and it fills from it a vessel, and this mustard is dealt into three portions, of which all thirds are transferred into a pouch tied up with a cane in the way said earlier, and from this mustard one sews onto the must’s surface in the upper part of the vessel until it is covered and thickens.
  3. to study
  4. to learn
    أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَدْرُسَ ٱللُّغَةَ ٱلْعَرَبِيَّة
    ʾurīdu ʾan ʾadrusa l-luḡata l-ʿarabiyya
    I want to learn Arabic

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دَرَّسَ (darrasa) II, non-past يُدَرِّسُ‎‎ (yudarrisu)

  1. (ditransitive) to teach, to educate

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَرْس (darsm (plural دُرُوس(durūs))

  1. verbal noun of دَرَسَ (darasa) (form I)
  2. study, studies
  3. lesson
  4. class, class hour, period
  5. lecture

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: դարս (dars) (Karadagh)
  • Azerbaijani: dərs
  • Bashkir: дәрес (däres)
  • Northern Kurdish: ders
  • Nogai: дерис (deris)
  • Ottoman Turkish: درس(ders)
  • Persian: درس(dars)
  • Tatar: дәрес (däres)

Noun[edit]

دِرْس (dirsm (plural أَدْرَاس(ʾadrās))

  1. relic, trace, mark (of a thing effaced)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

درس (darsun)

  1. lesson

See also[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic دَرْس(dars).

Noun[edit]

درس (ders)

  1. lesson
  2. lecture

Persian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic دَرْس(dars).

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian درس
Iranian Persian
Tajik дарс (dars)

درس (dars)

  1. lesson
    درس اول‎ ― dars-e avvalfirst lesson
  2. lecture
  3. (agriculture) threshing, act of separation of grain from the straw or husks by mechanical beating, with a flail or machinery.

Inflection[edit]

Enclitic-attached forms of درس (dars)
Basic forms of درس (dars)
singular plural
bare درس
(dars)
درس‌ها
(dars-hấ)
درسا
(darsấ)
definitive direct object درس را
(dars râ)
درس رو
(darso)
درس‌ها را
(dars-hấ râ)
درسا رو
(darsấ ro)
ezâfe درس
(dars-e)
درس‌های
(dars-hấ-ye)
درسای
(darsấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
درسی
(dars-i)
درس‌هایی
(darsấn-i, dars-hấ-i)
درسایی
(darsấi)
Colloquial.

Derived terms[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic دَرَسَ(darasa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

درس (daras) (form I, present بدرس(bodros), subjunctive يدرس(yodros))

  1. to study
  2. to learn
    Synonym: تعلم(tʕallam)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of درس
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m درست(darast) درست(darast) درس (daras) درسنا(darasna) درستو(darastu) درسو(darasu)
f درستي(darasti) درست(darsat)
present m بدرس(badros) بتدرس(btodros) بدرس(bodros) مندرس(mnodros) بتدرسو(btodrosu) بدرسو(bodrosu)
f بتدرسي(btodrosi) بتدرس(btodros)
subjunctive m ادرس(adros) تدرس(todros) يدرس(yodros) ندرس(nodros) تدرسو(todrosu) يدرسو(yodrosu)
f تدرسي(todrosi) تدرس(todros)
imperative m ادرس(odros) ادرسو(odrosu)
f ادرسي(odrosi)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic دَرْس(dars).

Noun[edit]

درس (darsm (plural دروس(drūs))

  1. lesson
  2. study