ذهب

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: دہتand ذ ه ب

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ذ ه ب(ḏ-h-b).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذَهَبَ (ḏahaba) I, non-past يَذْهَبُ‎‎ (yaḏhabu)

  1. to go, to travel
    إِلَى أَيْنَ أَنْتَ ذَاهِبٌ؟‎‎
    ʾilā ʾayna ʾanta ḏāhibun?
    Where are you going?
  2. to go away, to leave, to depart
  3. to disappear, to vanish
  4. to decline, to dwindle
  5. to perish, to die, to be destroyed
  6. to abduct, to steal, to sweep away, to annihilate [+ بِ(object)]
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:أفنى
  7. to lead someone, to conduct someone, to take someone along
  8. to think, to believe, to hold the view, to be of the opinion [+ إَلَى(object) = that]
    • a. 1229, Yāqūt al-Ḥamawīy, Ferdinand Wüstenfeld, editor, كتاب معجم البلدان [kitāb muʿjam al-buldān][1], volume 1, Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, published 1866, line 9, page 37:
      فأمّا الْبَرِيد ففيه خلاف وذهب قوم إلى أنه بالبادية اثنا عشر ميلا وبالشام وخراسان ستة أميال
      About the postal route there is disagreement. Folks believed that in the desert it is twelve miles and in Syria and Khorasan six miles.
  9. to escape, to slip, to lose sight of, to be forgotten [+ عَن(object) = by]
  10. to ignore, to skip, to omit [+ عَن(object) = what]
  11. to prepare to, to be about to
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Denominal verb from ذَهَب(ḏahab, gold).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذَهَّبَ (ḏahhaba) II, non-past يُذَهِّبُ‎‎ (yuḏahhibu)

  1. to gild
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

ذَهَبَ

A Central Semitic innovation. Cognate with Hebrew זָהָב(zāhāḇ) and Classical Syriac ܕܗܒܐ(dahbā’).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ða.hab/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ذَهَب (ḏahabm

  1. (uncountable) gold
    Synonyms: عَسْجَد(ʿasjad), تِبْر(tibr), إِبْرِيز(ʾibrīz)
  2. (uncountable) gold coin
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: deheb
  • Gulf Arabic: ذَهَب(ḏəhəb)
  • Hijazi Arabic: ذَهَب(dahab)
  • Somali: dahab
  • Swahili: dhahabu

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ذَهَب(ḏahab).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذهب (ḏəhəbm

  1. gold

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

ذَهَبَ

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ذَهَب(ḏahab).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dahab/ (traditional pronunciation)
    IPA(key): /ðahab/ (spelling pronunciation)

Noun[edit]

ذَهَب (dahabm pl

  1. gold

Usage notes[edit]

Both traditional and spelling pronunciations are used by most speakers interchangeably.