ܪܒܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ܪ-ܒ-ܒ (IPA(key): /r-b-b/) related to greatness. Compare Arabic رَبّ (rabb) and Hebrew רַב (raḇ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [rabbɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [rabbe(ʔ)], [rabbɑne(ʔ)], [rawr(ə)vɑne(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܪܒܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܪܘܪܒܢܐ or ܪܒܢܐ or ܪܒܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܪܒܬܐ)

  1. leader, magnate, king, duke, prince, chief, magistrate, prefect
  2. teacher, doctor, master

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The plural ܪܒܢܐ (rabbānēʾ) is used for the sense of "leaders" while the plural ܪܒܢܐ (rawr(ə)ḇānēʾ) is used for the sense of "teachers". The plural ܪܒܐ (rabbēʾ) is rare for either sense.

References[edit]

  • "rb" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 334a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 525a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1425a-b