ܪܒܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ܪ-ܒ-ܒ (IPA(key): /r-b-b/) related to greatness. Compare Arabic رَبّ ‎(rabb) and Hebrew רַב ‎(raḇ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [rabbɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [rabbe(ʔ)], [rabbɑne(ʔ)], [rawr(ə)vɑne(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܪܒܐ ‎(transliteration neededm ‎(plural ܪܘܪܒܢܐ or ܪܒܢܐ or ܪܒܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܪܒܬܐ)

  1. leader, magnate, king, duke, prince, chief, magistrate, prefect
  2. teacher, doctor, master

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The plural ܪܒܢܐ ‎(rabbānēʾ) is used for the sense of "leaders" while the plural ܪܒܢܐ ‎(rawr(ə)ḇānēʾ) is used for the sense of "teachers". The plural ܪܒܐ ‎(rabbēʾ) is rare for either sense.

References[edit]

  • "rb" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 334a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 525a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1425a-b