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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Arabic سَاعَة (sāʿa(t)) and Hebrew שָׁעָה (šāʿâ).


  • IPA(key): [ʃɑʕ(ə)θɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃɑʕe(ʔ)], [ʃɑʕɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܥܬܐ (transliteration neededf (plural ܫܥܬܐ or ܫܥܐ)

  1. hour (60 minutes)
  2. time, o'clock
  3. moment
  4. season
  5. (astronomy) angle, degree
  6. (astronomy) ascendant
  7. unit of weight equal to 5 oz.
  8. (astrology) horoscope
Usage notes[edit]
  • Usually, the plural ܫܥܐ (šāʿēʾ) is a paucal plural (from two to ten) while the plural ܫܥܬܐ (šāʿāṯāʾ) is a multiple plural (eleven or more).
  • The absolute singular form ܫܥ (šāʿ) only occurs in the compound ܟܠܫܥ (kolšāʿ, always).

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܥ-ܐ (š-ʿ-ʾ) related to playing.


  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)ʕɑθɑ(ʔ)] (singular and plural)


ܫܥܬܐ (transliteration neededf (plural ܫܥܬܐ)

  1. amusement, joke
  2. laughing stock
  3. play, game
  4. sport
  5. spectacle


  • $(h”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, pp. 363a, 375b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 588a, 598a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 1584b-1585a