เกณฑ์

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Pre-Angkorian Old Khmer *ken (to levy, conscript, impress, recruit), whence Modern Khmer កែន (kaen) ~ កេណ្ឌ (keendɔɔ, to draft, to mobilise; requisition, commandeer, levy, muster), which is augmented as កំណែន (kɑmnaen, mobilization; reinforcement, recruiting; requisitioning; levy).

Further etymology remains unclear despite the Indic spelling; perhaps ultimately a corruption of Pali kaṇḍa (portion; chapter; section), from Sanskrit काण्ड (kāṇḍa, section; part; branch; division; etc.). Cognate with Lao ເກນ (kēn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicเกณฑ์
e k ɳ ɖ ʻ
Phonemicเกน
e k n
RomanizationPaiboongeen
Royal Instituteken
(standard) IPA(key)/keːn˧/
Homophonesเกน

Noun[edit]

เกณฑ์ (geen)

  1. standard; criterion; specification.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Verb[edit]

เกณฑ์ (geen) (abstract noun การเกณฑ์)

  1. to force; to compel.
  2. to conscript.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms