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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人竹月廿 (OHBT), four-corner 27210, composition)

  1. quiet

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 102, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 593
  • Dae Jaweon: page 216, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 149, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F90

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
侐-seal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (32)
Final () (16) (135)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hiuɪH/ /hwɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷiH/ /hʷɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/xjuɪH/ /xiuek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwiH/ /hwik̚/
Li
Rong
/xuiH/ /xiuək̚/
Wang
Li
/xwiH/ /xĭwək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwiH/ /xi̯wək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèi xu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjwijH › ‹ xwik ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ik-s/ /*m̥(r)ik/
English still, quiet still, quiet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14097 14104
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷiɡs/ /*qʰʷɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

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References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeok) (hangeul , revised hyeok, McCune-Reischauer hyŏk)

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