娑婆

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(娑婆)
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娑婆

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सह (saha, name of a division of the world < bearing; enduring), as in सहलोकधातु (sahalokadhātu, world inhabited by men; earth).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (16) (3)
Final () (94) (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑ/ /buɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑ/ /buɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑ/ /buɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sa/ /bwa/
Li
Rong
/sɑ/ /buɑ/
Wang
Li
/sɑ/ /buɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑ/ /bʱuɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suō

Noun[edit]

娑婆

  1. (Buddhism) world of endurance; outside world; this world (which is full of suffering)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゃ
Hyōgaiji

Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

娑婆 (hiragana しゃば, rōmaji shaba)

  1. the world
  2. (Buddhism) this corrupt world
  3. the outside world

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

娑婆 (saba) (hangeul 사바)

  1. Hanja form? of 사바, “the world; (Buddhism) this corrupt world; the outside world”.