形而上學

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 形而上学

Chinese[edit]

abstract or intangible things
 
learn; study; science
learn; study; science; ‑ology
trad. (形而上學) 形而上
simp. (形而上学) 形而上

Etymology[edit]

The 形而上 (xíng'érshàng) part is from I Ching:

是故形而上形而下 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
是故形而上形而下 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: I Ching, 3rd – 2nd millennia BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
Shìgù, xíng'érshàng zhě wèi zhī dào, xíng'érxià zhě wèi zhī qì. [Pinyin]
Hence that which is antecedent to the material form exists, we say, as an ideal method, and that which is subsequent to the material form exists, we say, as a definite thing.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

形而上學

  1. metaphysics (a branch of philosophy)
  2. metaphysics (the world outlook and methodology opposed to dialectics)
    堅持唯物辯證法反對形而上學 [MSC, trad.]
    坚持唯物辩证法反对形而上学 [MSC, simp.]
    Jiānchí wéiwù biànzhèngfǎ, fǎnduì xíng'érshàngxué. [Pinyin]
    Adhere to dialectical materialism and oppose metaphysics.
  3. (dated) social science

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
けい
Grade: 2

Jinmeiyō
じょう
Grade: 1
がく
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

(けい)()(じょう)(がく) (keijijōgaku (kyūjitai, shinjitai 形而上学)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 形而上学 (metaphysics)

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

形而上學 (hyeong-isanghak) (hangeul 형이상학)

  1. Hanja form? of 형이상학 (metaphysics).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

形而上學

  1. Hán tự form of hình nhi thượng học (metaphysics).