従う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
したが
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings 随う
順う
遵う

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

従う (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana したがう, rōmaji shitagau, historical hiragana したがふ)

Japanese verb pair
active 従える
mediopassive 従う
  1. to follow; to move in the same path or direction
    案内人 (あんないにん) (したが)
    annainin ni shitagau
    to follow the guide
     (まえ) () (ひと) (したが)って (ある)
    mae o iku hito ni shitagatte aruku
    to follow the people walking forwards
     (かわ) (なが)れに (したが)って (くだ)
    kawa no nagare ni shitagatte kudaru
    to go downstream
    標識 (ひょうしき) (したが)って (すす)
    hyōshiki ni shitagatte susumu
    to follow the marks
  2. to obey; to comply
     (ほう) (したが)った
    Hō ni shitagatta.
    I followed the law.
    指示 (しじ) (したが)って行動 (こうどう)する
    shiji ni shitagatte kōdō suru
    to act according to instructions
    意向 (いこう) (したが)
    ikō ni shitagau
    to comply with other's will
  3. to be moved freely by external force
     (かぜ) (したが) (あし)
    kaze ni shitagau ashi
    a reed bending with the wind
  4. to respond; to come up as a result
     ()いに (したが)って (こた)える
    toi ni shitagatte kotaeru
    to answer the question
    条件 (じょうけん) (したが)って賃金 (ちんぎん) (こと)なる
    jōken ni shitagatte chingin ga kotonaru
    The payment varies depending on the condition.
  5. to imitate
    見本 (みほん) (したが)って (つく)
    mihon ni shitagatte tsukuru
    to make a copy of the sample.
  6. to undertake; to commit oneself to an obligation, activity etc.
    業務 (ぎょうむ) (したが)
    gyōmu ni shitagau
    to do the business

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.