沙漠

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Chinese[edit]

 
granule; hoarse; raspy
granule; hoarse; raspy; sand; powder; tsar
desert; unconcerned
trad. (沙漠)
simp. #(沙漠)
alternative forms 砂漠
沙幕

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (21) (4)
Final () (98) (103)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠa/ /mɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚa/ /mɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃa/ /mɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨ/ /mak̚/
Li
Rong
/ʃa/ /mɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/ʃa/ /mɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂa/ /mɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shā
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
saa1 mok6

Noun[edit]

沙漠

  1. desert (barren area)
    戈壁沙漠  ―  gēbì shāmò  ―  Gobi Desert
    撒哈拉沙漠  ―  sǎhālā shāmò  ―  Sahara Desert
    1. (specifically) erg; sand sea

Synonyms[edit]

  • (desert):
edit
  • (erg): (archaic) 流沙 (liúshā)

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (沙漠):
  • Japanese: ()(ばく) (sabaku)
  • Korean: 사막 (沙漠, samak)
  • Vietnamese: sa mạc (沙漠)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
ばく
Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese /*ʂamɑk̚/ > Japanese /*sabaku/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(ばく) (sabaku

  1. desert (barren area)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

沙漠 (samak) (hangeul 사막)

  1. Hanja form? of 사막 (desert (barren area)).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

沙漠

  1. chữ Hán form of sa mạc (desert (barren area)).