沙漠

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Chinese

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granule; hoarse; raspy
granule; hoarse; raspy; sand; powder; tsar
desert; unconcerned
trad. (沙漠)
simp. #(沙漠)
alternative forms 砂漠
沙幕

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (21) (4)
Final () (98) (103)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Baxter srae mak
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠa/ /mɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚa/ /mɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃa/ /mɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨ/ /mak̚/
Li
Rong
/ʃa/ /mɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/ʃa/ /mɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂa/ /mɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shā
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
saa1 mok6

Noun

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沙漠

  1. desert (barren area)
    戈壁沙漠  ―  gēbì shāmò  ―  Gobi Desert
    撒哈拉沙漠  ―  sǎhālā shāmò  ―  Sahara Desert
    文化沙漠  ―  wénhuà shāmò  ―  (figurative) a place without culture
    1. (specifically) erg; sand sea

Synonyms

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  • (desert):
  • (erg): (archaic) 流沙 (liúshā)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (沙漠):

Japanese

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Kanji in this term

Grade: S
ばく
Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese /*ʂamɑk̚/ > Japanese /*sabaku/.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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()(ばく) (sabaku

  1. desert (barren area)

References

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  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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沙漠 (samak) (hangeul 사막)

  1. Hanja form? of 사막 (desert (barren area)).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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沙漠

  1. chữ Hán form of sa mạc (desert (barren area)).