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U+9175, 酵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9175

[U+9174]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9176]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一田十大木 (MWJKD), four-corner 14647, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1283, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39868
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1783, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3582, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9175

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kruːs
*qʰruː
*qʰruː, *qʰruːs
*qʰruː
*qʰruː, *qʰruːs
*qʰruːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *qʰruːs) – fermenting in a vessel, making alcoholic drink. 孝 is composed of “young + old”, hence connotations of “aging (in a vase), fermentation”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kàu - literary;
  • kàⁿ - vernacular;
  • hàu - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kauH/
Wang
Li
/kauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. yeast
  2. to yeast

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyo) (hangeul )

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(diếu, giếu, dáo, giáo)

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