Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+9175, 酵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9175

[U+9174]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9176]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 164, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一田十大木 (MWJKD), four-corner 14647, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1283, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39868
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1783, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3582, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9175

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːs): semantic + phonetic (OC *qʰruːs) – fermenting in a vessel, making alcoholic drink. 孝 is composed of “young + old”, hence connotations of “aging (in a vase), fermentation”.

Etymology[edit]

In some lects, the pronunciation of (jiào) is the same as that of (xiào). This is the result of dubanbian (讀半邊读半边 (dúbànbiān)).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • haau1 - most common pronunciation;
  • gaau3 - prescribed pronunciation;
  • haau3 - variant.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kàu - literary;
    • kàⁿ - vernacular;
    • hàu - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gaau3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13766
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kruːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. yeast
    2. to yeast
    3. (Xiamen and Zhangzhou Hokkien) dough with yeast

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (gyo) based on Middle Chinese (MC kˠauH).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ço(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 삭힐 (sakhil hyo))

    1. Hanja form? of (yeast).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: diếu, giếu, dáo, giáo

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.