-stan

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See also: stan, Stan, śtan, stán, ştan, stan', and -стан

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Persian ـستان(-estān), from Middle Persian -stʾn'(-estān), from Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴(stāna-), from Proto-Iranian *stāna-, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sthāna, from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-(to stand).

Compare Avestan 𐬯𐬙𐬁𐬥𐬀(stāna-), Sanskrit स्थान(sthā́na), Russian стан(stan) (< Proto-Slavic *stanъ), English stay, stand, state.

Suffix[edit]

-stan

  1. home of; place where one stays; used especially in place names

Usage notes[edit]

Corresponding demonym usually formed by suffixing -i, yielding -stani. When the root is an ethnicity, the -stani form refers to the nationality, not ethnicity. Compare Tajik(member of Tajik ethnic group) and Tajikistani(inhabitant of nation of Tajikistan).

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