Essen

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See also: essen and èssen

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

German city and surname, often confused with essen (eating), but this is not related. The city's oldest name, Astnide, could be related to Old High German asc (ash tree).[1] The surname is from the city.

Proper noun[edit]

Essen

  1. A major industrial city in North Rhine-Westphalia, in western Germany.
  2. A surname from German.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul Derks: Der Ortsname Essen, in: Essener Beiträge 103 (1989/90), pp. 27–51

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • (Gelderland) First attested as essen in 1379-1380. Derived from the plural form of es (ash, Fraxinus excelsior).
  • (Groningen) First attested as jesse in 1245. Etymology uncertain. The toponym may have been reinterpreted as the plural form of es (ash, Fraxinus excelsior). Alternative hypotheses include a derivation from the Biblical name Jesse or a derivation from an unknown prehistoric source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Essen n

  1. A hamlet in Barneveld, Gelderland, Netherlands.
  2. A hamlet in Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German ëzzen, from Old High German ezzan, akin to Old Saxon etan, compare Dutch eten.

Noun[edit]

Essen n (strong, genitive Essens, plural Essen)

  1. gerund of essen; eating
    Das Trinken lernt der Mensch schon früh, und später erst das Essen.
    So soll der Mensch aus Dankbarkeit das Trinken nicht vergessen.
    Man learns to drink early on, and only later to eat.
    So man will not, out of gratitude, forget to drink.
  2. meal
  3. food
  4. groceries
    Man sollte mit den Kindern Essen einkaufen gehen
    One should buy groceries together with the kids.
    • 2010 July 28, “Mit Kindern gemeinsam Essen einkaufen gehen”, in Aachener Zeitung[1]:
      Mit Kindern gemeinsam Essen einkaufen gehen
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See Esse

Noun[edit]

Essen

  1. plural of Esse

Etymology 3[edit]

In German-speaking countries, the name is often confused with essen, the infinitive of the verb for "eating," as well as sense 1 (food, eats), which is always capitalized, further adding to the confusion. The name itself is of disputed origin, found in its earliest form as Astnide, which could refer to a region of ash trees and be related to Esche.[1][2]

Proper noun[edit]

Essen n (proper noun, genitive Essens or (optionally with an article) Essen)

  1. Essen (a major industrial city in North Rhine-Westphalia, in western Germany)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stadt Essen. "Origin of place names" (in German). Essen.de
  2. ^ Paul Derks: Der Ortsname Essen, in: Essener Beiträge 103 (1989/90), pp. 27–51

Further reading[edit]