ablativ

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See also: Ablativ and ablatīv

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from English ablative, or a learned borrowing from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

Noun[edit]

ablativ m (definite singular ablativi)

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative
    Synonym: rrjedhore

Further reading[edit]

  • Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 27 (ablatív)

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ablativ m

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative

Declension[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

Noun[edit]

ablativ c (singular definite ablativen, not used in plural form)

  1. (grammar) the ablative case

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ablativ

  1. ablative

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ablativ
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular ablativ 2
Neuter singular ablativt 2
Plural ablative 2
Definite attributive1 ablative
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From Latin (cāsus) ablātīvus (ablative case, ablative), from ablātus (taken away, stolen, having been stolen) (with the suffix -īvus, from Proto-Indo-European *-iHwós, from *-wós), perfect passive participle of auferō (I take away), from both ab- (from, away, off), from ab (from, away from, of), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + and from ferō (I bear, carry, bring), from Proto-Italic *ferō (to carry, bear), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéreti (to be carrying), from *bʰer- (to bear, carry). Doublet of ablasjon.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑːblatiːʋ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːʋ
  • Hyphenation: ab‧la‧tiv

Noun[edit]

ablativ m (definite singular ablativen, indefinite plural ablativer, definite plural ablativene)

  1. (grammar, linguistics) the ablative case (the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away)
    • 1918, Hjalmar Christensen, Samtiden:
      følelsen av at befinde sig i en sproglig forsøkskrydsningsanstalt, hvor gemytlige sprogveterinærer nynnende demokratiske melodier, prøver at fremkalde ny livskraft hos rudimenter. Hunkjøn skal atter indføres; jeg venter paa ablativ, dualis og medium
      the feeling of being in a linguistic cross-examination facility, where jovial language veterinarians humming democratic melodies, trying to evoke new vitality in rudiments. Females must be reintroduced; I'm waiting for ablative, dualis and medium
    • 2007 November 27, Aftenposten:
      egentlig bør [mea culpa] oversettes «gjennom min skyld» fordi det er ablativ
      really [mea culpa] should be translated "through my guilt" because it is ablative
    substantivet står i ablativ
    the noun is in ablative
    sette noe i ablativput something in ablative (inflect a word into the ablative case)

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ablativ (neuter singular ablativt, definite singular and plural ablative, comparative mer ablativ, superlative mest ablativ)

  1. (geology, sciences) ablative (relating to the erosion of a land mass)
    ablative materialer
    ablative materials

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French ablatif, from Latin ablativus.

Noun[edit]

ablativ n (plural ablative)

  1. ablative

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ablativus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /âblatiʋ/
  • Hyphenation: a‧bla‧tiv

Noun[edit]

ȁblativ m (Cyrillic spelling а̏блатив)

  1. ablative case

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • ablativ” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

Noun[edit]

ablativ c

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative

Declension[edit]

Declension of ablativ 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ablativ ablativen ablativer ablativerna
Genitive ablativs ablativens ablativers ablativernas

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

ablativ

  1. ablative case

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ablativ
nominative sing. ablativ
genitive sing. ablativan
partitive sing. ablativad
partitive plur.
singular plural
nominative ablativ
accusative ablativan
genitive ablativan
partitive ablativad
essive-instructive ablativan
translative ablativaks
inessive ablativas
elative ablativaspäi
illative ?
adessive ablatival
ablative ablativalpäi
allative ablativale
abessive ablativata
comitative ablativanke
prolative ablativadme
approximative I ablativanno
approximative II ablativannoks
egressive ablativannopäi
terminative I ?
terminative II ablativalesai
terminative III ablativassai
additive I ?
additive II ablativalepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007) , “аблатив”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika