ablativ

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Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from English ablative, or a learned borrowing from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

Noun[edit]

ablativ m (definite singular ablativi)

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative
    Synonym: rrjedhore

Further reading[edit]

  • Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 27 (ablatív)

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Latin ablātīvus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ablativ m inan

  1. (grammar) ablative (grammatical case)
    Synonym: odlučník

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ablativ in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ablativ in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • ablativ in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

Noun[edit]

ablativ c (singular definite ablativen, not used in plural form)

  1. (grammar) the ablative case

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ablativ

  1. ablative

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ablativ
Positive Comparative Superlative
Indefinte common singular ablativ 2
Indefinite neuter singular ablativt 2
Plural ablative 2
Definite attributive1 ablative
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From Latin (cāsus) ablātīvus (ablative case, ablative), from ablātus (taken away, stolen, having been stolen) (with the suffix -īvus, from Proto-Indo-European *-iHwós, from *-wós), perfect passive participle of auferō (I take away), from both ab- (from, away, off), from ab (from, away from, of), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + and from ferō (I bear, carry, bring), from Proto-Italic *ferō (to carry, bear), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéreti (to be carrying), from *bʰer- (to bear, carry). Doublet of ablasjon.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑːblatiːʋ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːʋ
  • Hyphenation: ab‧la‧tiv

Noun[edit]

ablativ m (definite singular ablativen, indefinite plural ablativer, definite plural ablativene)

  1. (grammar, linguistics) the ablative case (the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away)
    • 1918, Hjalmar Christensen, Samtiden:
      følelsen av at befinde sig i en sproglig forsøkskrydsningsanstalt, hvor gemytlige sprogveterinærer nynnende demokratiske melodier, prøver at fremkalde ny livskraft hos rudimenter. Hunkjøn skal atter indføres; jeg venter paa ablativ, dualis og medium
      the feeling of being in a linguistic cross-examination facility, where jovial language veterinarians humming democratic melodies, trying to evoke new vitality in rudiments. Females must be reintroduced; I'm waiting for ablative, dualis and medium
    • 2007 November 27, Aftenposten:
      egentlig bør [mea culpa] oversettes «gjennom min skyld» fordi det er ablativ
      really [mea culpa] should be translated "through my guilt" because it is ablative
    substantivet står i ablativ
    the noun is in ablative
    sette noe i ablativput something in ablative (inflect a word into the ablative case)

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ablativ (neuter singular ablativt, definite singular and plural ablative, comparative mer ablativ, superlative mest ablativ)

  1. (geology, sciences) ablative (relating to the erosion of a land mass)
    ablative materialer
    ablative materials

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French ablatif, from Latin ablativus.

Noun[edit]

ablativ n (plural ablative)

  1. ablative

Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ablativus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /âblatiʋ/
  • Hyphenation: a‧bla‧tiv

Noun[edit]

ȁblativ m (Cyrillic spelling а̏блатив)

  1. ablative case

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • ablativ” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

Noun[edit]

ablativ c

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative

Declension[edit]

Declension of ablativ 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ablativ ablativen ablativer ablativerna
Genitive ablativs ablativens ablativers ablativernas

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

ablativ

  1. ablative case

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ablativ (inflection type 5/sana)
nominative sing. ablativ
genitive sing. ablativan
partitive sing. ablativad
partitive plur. ablativoid
singular plural
nominative ablativ ablativad
accusative ablativan ablativad
genitive ablativan ablativoiden
partitive ablativad ablativoid
essive-instructive ablativan ablativoin
translative ablativaks ablativoikš
inessive ablativas ablativoiš
elative ablativaspäi ablativoišpäi
illative ablativaha ablativoihe
adessive ablatival ablativoil
ablative ablativalpäi ablativoilpäi
allative ablativale ablativoile
abessive ablativata ablativoita
comitative ablativanke ablativoidenke
prolative ablativadme ablativoidme
approximative I ablativanno ablativoidenno
approximative II ablativannoks ablativoidennoks
egressive ablativannopäi ablativoidennopäi
terminative I ablativahasai ablativoihesai
terminative II ablativalesai ablativoilesai
terminative III ablativassai
additive I ablativahapäi ablativoihepäi
additive II ablativalepäi ablativoilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “аблатив”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika