absteigen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German *abestīgen (attested in the noun abestīc, abesteic), derived from stīgen abe (verb + preposition). Analysable as ab- (off, down) +‎ steigen (to rise, mount). Compare Dutch afstijgen, Gothic 𐌰𐍆𐍃𐍄𐌴𐌹𐌲𐌰𐌽 (afsteigan).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈapˌʃtaɪ̯ɡən/, [ˈʔäpˌʃtäe̯ɡŋ̍]
  • Hyphenation: ab‧stei‧gen
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

absteigen (class 1 strong, third-person singular simple present steigt ab, past tense stieg ab, past participle abgestiegen, auxiliary sein)

  1. to dismount; to get off something that one stands or sits on; chiefly used when the object is implied; with the preposition von, the simplex steigen is preferred
    Steig vom Rad! Los, komm schon, steig ab!
    Get off the bike! Come on now, get off!
  2. to arrive (at a hotel etc.) in order to stay for one or more nights
    Wir sind in einem kleinen Gasthof abgestiegen und reisen morgen weiter.
    We’ve found a room in a small inn and we’ll travel on tomorrow.
  3. (chiefly figuratively, or in combination with aufsteigen) to sink; to descend; to become lower
    Es besteht eine absteigende Tendenz.
    There is a downward tendency.
    Der Vogel variiert seine Flughöhe. Er steigt immer wieder auf, um dann wieder abzusteigen.
    The bird varies its altitude. Time and again it ascends, only then to descend again.
  4. (sports) to be relegated; to sink to a lower league
    Wenn wir das letzte Spiel verlieren, steigen wir definitiv ab.
    If we lose the last match, we are definitely relegated.

Conjugation[edit]

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