calorie

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French calorie, formed from Latin calor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæləɹi/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

calorie (plural calories)

  1. (nutrition) Kilogram calorie or large calorie. A unit of energy 1000 times larger than the gram calorie. It is equivalent to the gram kilocalorie, approximately 4.2 kilojoules.
    • 2008, BioWare, Mass Effect (Science Fiction), Redwood City: Electronic Arts, →ISBN, OCLC 246633669, PC, scene: Biotics: Life as a Biotic Codex entry:
      Biotics possess extraordinary abilities, but they must live with minor inconveniences. The most obvious issue is getting adequate nutrition. Creating biotic mass effects takes such a toll on metabolism that active biotics develop ravenous appetites. The standard Alliance combat ration for a soldier is 3000 calories per day; biotics are given 4500, as well as a canteen of potent energy drink for quick refreshment after hard combat.
    • 2013 June 29, “A punch in the gut”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 72-3:
      Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. It helps with digestion and enables people to extract a lot more calories from their food than would otherwise be possible. Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.
  2. (physics, chemistry, obsolete) The gram calorie or small calorie, a non-SI unit of energy, equivalent to approximately 4.2 joules. This unit was widely used in chemistry and physics, being the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 °C.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Most scientific studies are now carried out using the joule (an SI unit).
  • In nutritional contexts the term calorie refers to the kilogram calorie and the term kilocalorie refers to 1000 gram calories. Thus the two terms are equivalent.
  • Calorie counters, such as those on fitness bikes, use the first, more modern, definition.
  • European legislation now requires foods to be labelled with the term kilocalorie.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French calorie.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɑloːˈri/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧lo‧rie
  • Rhymes: -i

Noun[edit]

calorie f (plural calorieën, diminutive calorietje n)

  1. calorie

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: kalori

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

1845, formed from Latin calor + -ie. Cf. also French chaleur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

calorie f (plural calories)

  1. calorie

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

calorie f

  1. plural of caloria

Anagrams[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French calorie.

Noun[edit]

calorie f (plural calorii)

  1. calorie

Declension[edit]