confundir

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Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin confundere, with change of conjugation.

Verb[edit]

confundir (first-person singular present confundo, first-person singular preterite confundi, past participle confundido)

  1. (transitive) to confuse; to confound (to lead someone into an incorrect conclusion or uncertainty)
    O mapa com errors confundiu os navegadores.The map with errors confused the navigators.
  2. (takes a reflexive pronoun, intransitive, or transitive with com) to be confused (by) (to make a mistake (due to))
    Ela errou o caminho porque se confundiu.She missed the way because she got confused.
    Todo mundo se confunde com isso.Everyone gets confused with this.
  3. (transitive) to mix up; to confuse (to mistake things for one another)
    Cuidado para não confundir as datas.Be careful not to mix the dates up.
  4. (ditransitive, with the indirect object taking com or por (less common)) to mistake one thing for another
    O cirurgião disse que quase confundira o fígado com o baço.The surgeon said he had almost mistaken the liver for the spleen.
  5. (takes a reflexive pronoun, transitive with com) to merge; to syncretize (to form a combination from different elements)
    Naquela cidade a cultura ocidental se confunde com a oriental.In that city, Western culture merges with Eastern culture.
    Synonyms: juntar, sincretizar
  6. (obsolete, transitive) to confound; to thwart; to frustrate; to foil (to prevent from happening or succeeding)
    Desejamos que a rainha confunda as políticas de seus inimigos.We wish for the queen to confound her enemies’ politics.
    Synonym: impedir
  7. inflection of confundir:
    1. first/third-person singular future subjunctive
    2. first/third-person singular personal infinitive

Conjugation[edit]

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin confundere, present active infinitive of confundō. Doublet of cohonder.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /konfunˈdiɾ/ [kõɱ.fũn̪ˈd̪iɾ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iɾ
  • Syllabification: con‧fun‧dir

Verb[edit]

confundir (first-person singular present confundo, first-person singular preterite confundí, past participle confundido)

  1. (transitive) to confuse, to throw off, to baffle, to perplex
  2. (transitive, also takes a reflexive pronoun) to mistake, to confuse, to mix up (misidentify)
    Mi abuelo confundió un calabacín con un pepino y lo puso en su ensalada.
    My grandpa mistook a zucchini for a cucumber and put it in his salad.
  3. (transitive) to confound

Conjugation[edit]

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